Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Passiflora ligularis
Juss., Passifloraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: sweet granadilla, yellow passionfruit

French: barbadine, granadille, granadille douce, grenadille douce

Hawaiian: lani wai, lemi wai, lemona

Spanish: cranix, granadilla

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Lianas; stems terete or weakly angled, striate.  Leaves with blades cordate, 10-22 cm long, 7-17 cm wide, glabrous, margins entire, petioles with 4-8 elongate, usually paired filiform nectaries 4-10 mm long, stipules oblong-ovate, 20-40 mm long.  Flowers pendent, campanulate, 8-12 cm in diameter, peduncles solitary or paired, bracts ovate, 3-5 cm long, 1-3 cm wide; hypanthium 0.5-0.9 cm long; sepals and petals white or white tinged with violet; corona purple-banded, filamentous, ca. 3 cm long.  Berries orange with white specks at maturity, globose, 5-7 cm in diameter, aril grayish, edible"  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1011, 1887).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "grown for its fruit and fragrant, ornamental flowers, naturalized in diverse mesic forest and wet forest, rarely in drier areas, 200-1,070 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1011).

Propagation:  Seed, spread by birds and animals.

Native range:  Andes of South America; grown for its fruit and fragrant, ornamental flowers.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 93)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1011)
Voucher cited: Rock 3444 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1011)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1011)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Meidell, J. Scott/Oppenheimer, H. L./Bartlett, R. T. (1998) (p. 7)
West Maui. Voucher cited: Meidell & Oppenheimer 206 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1011)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 67)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Sutasurya, D. (1997) (pp. 8-9)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  A problem species in the Galápagos Islands and Hawai‘i.


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 20 OCT 2006.