Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Passiflora coccinea
Aubl., Passifloraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: red granadilla, red passion flower, scarlet passion flower

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Plant rufo-puberulent or rufo-tomentose nearly throughout; stipules narrowly linear, entire or minutely glandular-serrulate; petioles glandless, or biglandular at the base; blades oblong, 6-14 cm long, 3-7 cm wide, not lobed, subcordate, duplicate-serrate or crenate, glabrous or sparingly pubescent above, ferruginous- or cano-tomentose beneath; peduncles up to 8 cm long; bracts ovate, up to 6 cm long, 1-3.5 cm wide, free to base, coriaceous, crenate or sharply serrate, usually glandular at the margin, reddish; flowers scarlet or red; calyx tube short-cylindric-campanulate, up to 2 cm long, purple above, pink or white below, the inner rank tubular, filamentose only at the margin, white; ovary yellowish-tomentose; fruit subglobose or ovoid, about 5 cm in diameter; seeds minutely reticulate." (Macbride, 1941; p. (4/1):103-104)

Habitat/ecology:  In its native habitat, "it mainly grows in the tropical Amazonian lowlands, but in Bolivia it proceeds to altitudes of about 2000 m in the western foothills of the Andes.  It occurs on noninundated lateritic soil" (Ulmer & MacDougal, 2004; p. 286).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  South America: Bolivia; Brazil (Amazonian); Colombia; French Guiana; Guyana; Peru; Suriname; Venezuela

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 179)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
Humphries, S. E./Stanton, J. P. (1992)
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 67)
Cultivated only


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 4 DEC 2010.