Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Paspalum fimbriatum
Kunth, Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: lie ying que bai

English: Columbia grass, fimbriate paspalum, gazon paspalum, Panama crowngrass, Panama paspalum, winged paspalum

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Annual [grass]; culms to 100 cm tall; glabrous; sheaths compressed, carinate, glabrous or sparsely papillose-pilose; ligule 0.5-2 mm long; blades 5-40 cm long, 5-12 mm wide, margins scabrous, usually prominently papillose-ciliate; racemes 2-8; 3-8 cm long, somewhat distant; rachis narrowly winged, about 1.5 mm wide with a tuft of hairs at base; spikelets broader than long, about 2.2 x 3 mm, glume fimbriate-winged, ciliate, ovate, apiculate; sterile lemma obtuse, apiculate, winged like the glume, partially winged or very rarely wingless; caryopsis 2 mm long, pale, minutely rough" (Stone, 1970; p. 216).

Description from GrassBase.

Habitat/ecology:  Sunny, moist disturbed areas up to 300 m elevation. In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in moist, disturbed, open sites, 10-280 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1576).

Propagation:  Seed. Spikelets cling to clothing and fur.

Native range:  Tropical America, introduced into Guam and Hawai‘i.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 46)
Uncommon.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1991) (voucher ID: PTBG 10225)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum fimbriatum
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 216)
Vouchers cited: Stone 4055 (GUAM), Stone 4089 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 54)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1576)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kure Atoll introduced
Starr, Forest/Martz, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2001) (p. 15)
Previously reported, not observed in this survey.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank (2008) (p. 33)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H20702 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Martz, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2002) (p. 23)
East Maui. Vouchers cited: Starr & Martz 000524-1 (BISH), Starr & Martz 000529-1 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2003) (p. 21)
West Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H10137 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2003) (p. 21)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H110138 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1576)
Voucher cited: Merrill 20 (BISH)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 95)
Presence not verified.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 87)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 36644. Not seen on this survey and may no longer be present.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R. (1959) (p. 2)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 36644 (US)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 61)
Voucher cited: MacKee 44029
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 95)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 97)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 55)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 68)
Tuvalu
Tuvalu (Ellis) Islands
Tuvalu Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 95)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Palmyra Atoll
Palmyra Atoll introduced
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 87)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Palmyra Atoll
Palmyra Atoll introduced
invasive
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 17)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 192)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Recently naturalized.

Comments:  A problem species in Hawai‘i.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 30 NOV 2008.