Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Paspalum conjugatum
P.J.Bergius, Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 28 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

Cebuano: sacate

Chamorro: lagasa

Chinese: liang er cao

Chuukese: fatil, fätilimwän, fatin yung, fetil, fetin umund, fetin umuno, fetin wumwune

English: buffalo grass, carabao grass, Hilo grass, sour grass, sour paspalum, T grass, ti grass, yellow grass

Filipino: kauad-kauaran

French: herbe créole, herbe de tauère, herbe sure

Hawaiian: mau‘u Hilo

Kosraean: meshashe, muhsrasre

Kwara‘ae: karasi

Mangarevan: kirimiro

Manobo: bantotan

Maori (Cook Islands): mauku kātini, mauku taravao

Marshallese: ujoij

Niuean: mosie vailima, mosie vaolima, motie vailima, vailima

Nukuoro: heri

Palauan: udel ra ngebel

Pohnpeian: fahtil-rawfut, reh-n-wai, rehnwahi, ren wai

Rotuman: mous sau rangi

Samoan: vailima, vailima, vailima, vailima matafao, vailima matafao, vao lima, vao lima

Spanish: cambute, cañamazo amargo, caraconga, grama, grama de antena, horquetilla, pasta horqueta, pasto amargo, pasto de burro, pata de conejo, torourco, trensilla

Tagalog: kulape

Tokelauan: vaolima

Tongan: vailima

Ulithian: fathil

Yapese: ataralow, ataraow, fugur parap

Habit:  grass

Description:  Grass, "Stoloniferous perennial, culms to 60 (-100) cm long (rarely more), decumbent or suberect, rooting at nodes, glabrous, compressed, often reddish-purple, emitting long leafy stolons pilose on the nodes; sheaths 2-6  cm long, compressed, pilose on the collar; ligule membranous, less than 1.1 mm long; blades 8-12 (-14) cm long, 5-15 mm wide, ciliate-scabrous on margins, glabrous or nearly so; racemes usually 2, paired, widely spreading, 4-15 cm long (usually 6-10 cm); rachis 1 mm wide, glabrous; spikelets 1.5 mm long (rarely 2 mm), ovate, pale stramineous; glume silky-ciliate, sterile lemma usually similar; fertile lemma coriaceous, much firmer than the glume and sterile lemma; caryopsis 1 mm long, equally wide, compressed, white or very pale" (Stone, 1970; p. 216).

Description from GrassBase.

Habitat/ecology:  This perennial, stoloniferous grass rapidly invades wet habitats from sea level to 2,000 m. It forms a dense ground cover even on acidic, low-nutrient soils. Neal (1965) noted that "some native forests have become extinct due to this pest."  It is found in wet habitats (Smith, 1985; p. 196).

In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in moist to wet, disturbed sites such as along roadsides and in open fields, 10-950 m"  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1575, 1576).  In Fiji, "common at elevations up to 1,300 m., along roadsides and in cultivation, in pastures, villages, plantations, and along beaches and river banks"  (Smith, 1979; p. 336). In Papua New Guinea, "a common grass of roadsides, rough lawns, pastures (where it is moderately useful) and particularly a weed of plantations; it grows vigorously under partial shade and may compete seriously with tree crops" (Henty & Pritchard, 1975; p. 43). In New Caledonia, "maintenant très commune à l'état spontané, surtout en lieux frais et ombragés" (MacKee, 1994; p. 60).

Propagation:  The small seeds are probably distributed by man and animals on clothing and fur. Also spreads by stolons.

Native range:  Tropical America but now found throughout the tropics as a weed.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 40)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 163)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9489
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 24)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9489 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1939) (voucher ID: BISH 126196)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 163)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 47)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 163)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990)
Vouchers cited: Harris 95, Harris 354, Yuncker 9233, Whistler 3306
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 24)
Vouchers cited: Yuncker 9233 (BISH), W. Harris 95 (BISH), W. Harris 354 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1939) (voucher ID: BISH 126195)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 126211)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1990) (voucher ID: PTBG 9081)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum
American Samoa
Swain's Island
Swain's Island   Whistler, W. A. (1983) (p. 18)
Vouchers cited: Whistler 3381, Bryan 947
American Samoa
Swain's Island
Swain's Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 430385)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Aunu‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 163)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 37)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 163)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island introduced
invasive
Setchell, William Albert (1924) (p. 113)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1925) (voucher ID: BISH 126198)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1921) (voucher ID: BISH 126199)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1992) (voucher ID: PTBG 16357)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 13)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 31394 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Aguijan (Agiguan, Aguihan) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (pp. 13-14)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 1922 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 14)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 1987 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 126341)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1973) (voucher ID: BISH 441717)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1933) (voucher ID: BISH 126331)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 635625)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 14)
Vouchers cited: Falanruw 1719 (US), Evans 2335 (US, BISH, Fo, NY)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 401434)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 126337)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Rakahanga Atoll   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 76)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 82)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 88)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1928) (voucher ID: BISH 126110)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 93)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1979) (voucher ID: BISH 618339)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Palmerston (Avarau) Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 89)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 69)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 126125)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Española Group
Española Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Alcedo, Isabela Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Pinta Group
Pinta Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santiago Group
Santiago Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Chuuk Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1935) (voucher ID: BISH 126282)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Chuuk Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 126283)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Chuuk Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1948) (voucher ID: BISH 571501)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Dublon (Tonowas) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fano Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1993) (voucher ID: BISH 633361)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 126288)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 126289)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Nama Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namoluk (Nómwunuuk) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namoluk (Nómwunuuk) Atoll   Marshall, Mae/Fosberg, F. R. (1975) (p. 27)
Vouchers cited: Marshall 21 (US), Marshall 72 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namonuito (Namonweito, Nómwun Wiité) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namonuito (Namonweito, Nómwun Wiité) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 588959)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Nomwin (Nómwiin) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Pis Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Pis Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 697526)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll introduced
invasive
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 36)
Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 168 (GUAM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Satawan Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Satawan Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 126290)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Satawan Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 126291)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Udot Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Udot Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 588962)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1935) (voucher ID: BISH 126281)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 126293)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 126300)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 126339)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 588960)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Yanagi Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1993) (voucher ID: BISH 633390)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Yanagi Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1993) (voucher ID: BISH 633391)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 90)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 10)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 126286)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 126294)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 426325)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 697524)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1996) (voucher ID: PTBG 24899)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum Berg.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Ant Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Ant Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 126284)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Nukuoro Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Nukuoro Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 126295)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 90)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Glassman, S. F. (1952) (p. 132)
Vouchers cited: Glassman 2579a (US), Takamatsu 1010 (BISH)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 59)
Vouchers cited: F.R. Fosberg 26232 (BISH), F.R. Fosberg 26371 (BISH), R. Gallen 97 (NY, PTBG), S.F. Glassman 2808 (BISH), L. Stemmermann 3442 (BISH), M. Takamatsu 1010 (BISH), C. Trauernicht 133 (NY), C.Y.C. Wong 56 (BISH)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 126285)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 126292)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 126299)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 432329)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 697528)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 41201)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2005) (voucher ID: PTBG 48648)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Evans, M. (1969) (p. 3)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 46657 (US), Fosberg 46665 (US), Evans 347 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 81555)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Lamotrek Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Lamotrek Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 426237)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R. (1969) (p. 4)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 46848 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 82139)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Tomil Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 700021)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 126296)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 588627)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 697523)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 90)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1948) (voucher ID: BISH 126280)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 586789)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fiji Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1928) (voucher ID: BISH 126250)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kambara Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Voucher cited: DA 9070
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Koro Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones 779
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 420123)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Mango Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Matuku Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Mbatiki Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Moala Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Moturiki Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Nairai Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Naitamba Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Nayau Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ngau Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ovalau Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Voucher cited: DA 1359
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rotuma Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 619074)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Voucher cited: Smith 8120
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 126249)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Totoya Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Voucher cited: DA 13247
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Vouchers cited: DA 8747, DA 8845
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones 1142
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 336-337)
Vouchers cited: DA 8169, Smith 4852, DA 7103, DA 7998, DA 9027, Smith 9451, DA 8655, DA 13978, Smith 9074, DA 7320, DA 8396, DA 8699, DA 7761, Smith 7082, DA 1240, C.R. Turbet 46
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 31728)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1955) (voucher ID: BISH 31729)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 126244)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 126245)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 126246)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 126247)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 126248)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
French Polynesia Islands
Tapahi? Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 341)
Voucher cited: BRY 26014
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 8)
Voucher cited: St. John 14567 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7410 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 545508)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 1000694)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4164 (PAP), J. Florence 4180 (PAP), B. Toutain 4235 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 558044)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 558060)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2004) (voucher ID: PTBG 42488)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: S.P. Perlman, K.R. Wood & J.-Y. Meyer 15870 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4443 (PAP), S.P. Perlman & E. Vogt 15887 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 556158)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 341)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 61191
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: F.R. Fosberg 61191 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 14)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 64759 (US), Morris 30 (US), Morris 31 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 614445)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 614954)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 341)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 61024
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 2081 (PAP), J. Florence 5002 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1981) (voucher ID: BISH 492117)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 574232)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 341)
Voucher cited: Moore 11
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 3689 (PAP), P. Morat 6934 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 491359)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 104)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 341)
Voucher cited: Setchell & Parks 84
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1913) (voucher ID: BISH 699855)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5607 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 553007)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6274 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5954 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 545590)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 216)
Voucher cited: Stone 4444 (GUAM), Stone 4445 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 95)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 126332)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 126333)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 126335)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 649505)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 1000139)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1575-1576)
Voucher cited: Mann & Brigham 626 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1575-1576)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1575-1576)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1575-1576)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1575-1576)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1575-1576)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
invasive
Toyoda, Takeshi (2003) (p. 293)
Naturalized
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1962) (p. 6)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 39462 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 38875)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kili (Kõle) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2006) (p. 4)
"Common; in grassy fields and ruderal areas, encroaching some into wetland areas".
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll   Anderson, Donald (1951) (p. v)
Voucher cited: Anderson 3766
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2007) (p. 3)
"Abundant; major component of lawns and ruderal areas".
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 126350)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 52)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 606401)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Mili (Mile) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2010) (p. A7)
Locally occasional in fields and ruderal areas of Mili, Tokewa. Voucher 0726201001 (BISH, GUAM, PTBG)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 381)
Très commune, surtout en lieux frais et ombragés.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 60)
Voucher cited: Sarlin 22 s.loc.
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1977) (p. 173)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
invasive
Edgar, E./Connor, H. (2000) (p. 565)
"Old grassy tracks in semi-shade".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 248)
Vouchers cited: CHR 168800, CHR 168801
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 54)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 7)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A./Atherton, J. (1997) (p. 55)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 22)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 10077 (BISH)
"A common weed in plantations, along roadsides and in waste areas".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 45)
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 95)
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 625659)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Palau
Kayangel Atoll
Kayangel Islet introduced
invasive
Miles, Joel (2015) (p. 2)
ref cites other taxa as "Cultivated," but not this one, so implication is that this taxon was found in a non-cultivated situation (PT@PhilipT.com/20170602)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 88)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 126298)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 86)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 20)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 697525)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1981) (voucher ID: BNM 3026)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum Berg.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Kayangel (Ngcheangel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 8)
Voucher: Lorence 9827 (PTBG, BNM)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Kayangel (Ngcheangel) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2008) (voucher ID: PTBG 121)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J. Bergius
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 81)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1997) (voucher ID: BISH 659937)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 81)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 81)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngeanges Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngeanges Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngeanges Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 126297)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngerchong Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngerchong Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngerchong Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1978) (voucher ID: BNM 1073)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum Berg.
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ulong (Aulong) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Urukthapel (Ngeruktabel) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Urukthapel (Ngeruktabel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 53-54)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 94)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1968) (voucher ID: BISH 588961)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago   Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 48)
Papua New Guinea
Bougainville Islands
Bougainville Island   Foreman, D. B. (1971) (p. 25)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)   Henty, E. E. (1969) (p. 145)
Throughout New Guinea, from low altitudes to over 6000 ft.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) introduced
invasive
Henty, E. E./Pritchard, G. H. (1975) (p. 43)
From sea level to over 2000 m.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1997) (p. 64)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
Holm, Leroy G./Plucknett, D. L./Pancho, J. V./Herberger, J. P. (1977) (pp. 134-137)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (p. 56)
In the settled areas, about towns, along trails, streams, etc., often very abundant.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 104)
"Secondary scrub".
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
St. John, H. (1987) (p. 23)
Voucher cited: J.P. Chapin 939
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Paulay, Gustav/Spencer, T./Oliver, Royce (1989) (p. 12)
Voucher cited: Paulay, Spencer & Schuster 676 (US)
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10782 (PAP)
Adventice
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 641260)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 70)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1931) (voucher ID: BISH 126201)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 126205)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1931) (voucher ID: BISH 126206)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1931) (voucher ID: BISH 126207)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 126208)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 67)
Voucher: Flynn 6928 (PTBG, K, SAMOA)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1968) (voucher ID: BISH 28987)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1921) (voucher ID: BISH 126200)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 126202)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 126203)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 126204)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1904) (voucher ID: BISH 126209)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1904) (voucher ID: BISH 126210)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1974) (voucher ID: BISH 418025)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1974) (voucher ID: BISH 418151)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 318)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Guadalcanal Island   Burcham, L. T. (1948) (p. 407)
Voucher cited: Burcham 72 (US)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Guadalcanal Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 402177)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
New Georgia Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 416649)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Ontong Java Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1970) (voucher ID: BISH 602010)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 95)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
invasive
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 97)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Vanikolo (Vanikoro) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1955) (voucher ID: BISH 126266)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Tokelau
Tokelau Islands
Tokelau Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 95)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Kao Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 639347)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Tofua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 645863)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Voucher cited: Soakai 351
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Vouchers cited: Lawrence 30, Soakai 281, Soakai 733
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 58)
Vouchers cited: Hürlimann 302, Yuncker 15154
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 126197)
Taxon name on voucher: Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 58)
Voucher cited: Hürlimann 633
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Vouchers cited: Soakai 889, Whistler 6041
Tuvalu
Tuvalu (Ellis) Islands
Tuvalu Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 95)
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 106)
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Shine, C./Reaser, J. K./Gutierrez, A. T., eds. (2003) (p. 180)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 27)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 54)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 107)
Wetland.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Holm, Leroy G./Plucknett, D. L./Pancho, J. V./Herberger, J. P. (1977) (pp. 136-137)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) introduced
invasive
Holm, Leroy G./Plucknett, D. L./Pancho, J. V./Herberger, J. P. (1977) (pp. 134-137)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
Holm, Leroy G./Plucknett, D. L./Pancho, J. V./Herberger, J. P. (1977) (pp. 134-137)
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 342)
On farmlands and in other wet places.
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of)   Holm, Leroy G./Plucknett, D. L./Pancho, J. V./Herberger, J. P. (1977) (pp. 136-137)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 267)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Holm, Leroy G./Plucknett, D. L./Pancho, J. V./Herberger, J. P. (1977) (pp. 134-137)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) introduced
invasive
Holm, Leroy G./Plucknett, D. L./Pancho, J. V./Herberger, J. P. (1977) (pp. 134-137)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States)   Hafliger, Ernst/Scholz, Hildemar (1980) (p. 95)
Negara Brunei Darussalam
Brunei
Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam) introduced
invasive
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 67, 78)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of)   Holm, Leroy G./Plucknett, D. L./Pancho, J. V./Herberger, J. P. (1977) (pp. 136-137)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 67, 78)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 67)
Naturalised
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
invasive
Holm, Leroy G./Plucknett, D. L./Pancho, J. V./Herberger, J. P. (1977) (pp. 134-137)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) introduced
invasive
Holm, Leroy G./Plucknett, D. L./Pancho, J. V./Herberger, J. P. (1977) (pp. 134-137)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) introduced
invasive
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 67, 78)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
invasive
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (p. 122)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
invasive
Holm, Leroy G./Plucknett, D. L./Pancho, J. V./Herberger, J. P. (1977) (pp. 136-137)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Frégate Island   Robertson, S. A./Todd, D. M. (1983) (p. 58)
Voucher cited: Robertson 2671
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  An aggressive and persistent species.

Control: 

Physical: "Cannot be controlled by mulches due to strong stoloniferous growth.  Slashing encourages the plant.  Fairly palatable to most stock, especially when young.  Checked by cultivation at any stage, and controlled by repeated cultivation in dry soils.  Tolerates light shade" (Swarbrick, 1997; p. 28). "Can be displaced in pastures by taller forage grasses and controlled grazing"  (Motooka et al., 2003).

Chemical:  "Susceptible to:  1) residual herbicides including naproamide, oxyflurofen, diuron, chlorthal, EPTC, atrazine, pendimethalin, propachlor, bromacil, metolachlor, trifluralin, benfluralin, ametryn, cyanazine and vernolate at standard rates; 2) translocated herbicides, including fluozifop, glyphosate, sethoxydim, DSMA, haloxyfop, and amitrole at standard rates;  3) contact herbicides, including paraquat, as seedlings and at standard rates" (Swarbrick, 1997; p. 28).  "Sensitive to glyphosate and imazapyr, both non-selective herbicides, the latter with some residual soil activity" (Motooka et al., 2003).

Biological: Waterhouse (1994; pp. 178-182) lists natural enemies but at present there are no satisfactory biological control agents.


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 21 JUN 2010.