Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Panicum decompositum
R.Br., Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: duo zi shu

English: Australian millet, umbrella grass

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Perennial, densely tufted, mostly up to 90 cm tall, sometimes taller, usually pale glaucous-green; culms mostly simple, nodes glabrous to densely hairy.  Leaf sheaths glabrous or with few tubercular-based hairs; ligules membranous, ciliate, ca 2 mm long; leaf blades linear, apex acute or acuminate, margin flat or sometimes more or less inrolled when dry, up to 50 cm x 0.3-1 cm, glabrous or sprinkled with long tubercular-based hairs.  Panicles up to ca 35 cm long, lower branches rigid and straight, becoming flattened and broad towards their bases, up to ca 17 cm long, pedicels 1-4 mm long; spikelets 2.5-3.5 mm long; lower glume ca "-1/3 length of spikelet, nerves 1 or absent, upper glume ca as long as spikelet, 7-nerved; lower floret sterile, lemma ca as long as upper glume, 7-nerved, palea 2/3-7/8 as long as lemma; upper floret bisexual, lemma with beak-like apex, ca 2 mm long, palea ca as long as lemma"  (Stanley and Ross, 1989; vol. 3, pp. 197-199).

Description from GrassBase.

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Australia (Stanley and Ross, 1989; vol. 3, pp. 197-199).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 95)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 54)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 60)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15456
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
Stanley, T. D./Ross, E. M. (1989)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
Stanley, T. D./Ross, E. M. (1989)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 30 NOV 2008.