Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Osmoxylon lineare
(Merr.) Philipson, Araliaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Boerlagiodendron lineare Merr.

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "An erect shrub about 3 m high, the stems light gray, glabrous, shining, somewhat scurfy at the tips.  Leaves crowded at the apices of the branches, palmately cut into 4 to 6 linear segments which are free to the base, these segments glabrous, submembranaceous, 15 to 20 cm long, 1 to 1.5 cm wide, narrowed above to the acuminate apex, the base narrowly decurrent, the decurrent parts so narrow that the segments appear to be petiolulate, this portion 1 to 1.5 cm long, margins irregularly and slightly repand, the teeth minute, distant; nerves numerous, spreading; petioles 4 to 6 cm long, the base with 2 or 3 prominent crests.  Umbels compound, with few, dark-brown, fimbriate scales, the peduncles about 10, 2 cm long, bracteate at the base and apex, each bearing at its apex a short-peduncled central head and two lateral branches, the central head composed of numerous, dark-brown, fimbriate-lacerate bracteoles (sterile flowers fallen), the lateral branches about 3 cm long, with a pair of bracts at about the middle, each bearing a terminal head of perfect flowers 1 cm in diameter or less, these heads also with numerous dark-brown lacerate-fimbriate bracteoles.  Flowers sessile.  Calyx more or less funnel-shaped, truncate, about 2 mm long, 1 mm in diameter.  Petals and stamens not seen.  Ovary 5-celled.  Fruit ovoid, 5-ridged, 5-celled, about 3 mm long.  A most characteristic species, at once recognizable by its 4 to 6 linear segments which are almost distinct enough to be considered leaflets"  (Merrill, 1908; 3(4):253-254).

Habitat/ecology:  "Low bushy shrub along riverbanks. Cultivated as an ornamental for its dark green and shiny foliage"  (van Steenis, 1983; (9):553).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Philippines (Luzon, Negros); also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1999) (voucher ID: PTBG 28323)
Taxon name on voucher: Osmoxylon lineare (Merr.) Philipson
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Merrill, Elmer D. (1908) (pp. 253-254)
As Boeriagiodendron lineare Merrill
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
cultivated
Randall, R. P. (2007) (p. 343)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 65)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 26 OCT 2012 and was last updated on 31 OCT 2012.