Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Oplismenus compositus
(L.) P.Beauv., Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Panicum compositum L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: zhu ye cao

Chuukese: fatil

English: armgrass, basket grass, running mountaingrass

Mangarevan: poriluaini, poritanine

Samoan: falī, falī, vao falī, vao falī

Tahitian: nanamu, ‘ofe‘ofe hu‘

Tongan: mohuku ‘apopoa, mohuku laukofe, musie vai

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Creeping accumbent perennial; culms slender, elongate; sheaths ciliate; nodes usually pubescent; ligule short, fringed with short hairs; blades narrowly elliptic, acuminate, 3-16 cm long, 6-25 mm wide, usually thinly pubescent; panicles 10-30 cm long, erect or suberect, of about 10 rather well-spaced racemes, these ascending or spreading and up to 10 cm long, usually shorter; spikelets lanceolate, green or purplish, sparsely puberulent; lower glume with awn to 16 mm long, upper glume with awn 2-3 mm long; lower lemma mucronate"  (Stone, 1970; p. 214).

Description from GrassBase.

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized and usually common in shaded sites in mesic valleys and mesic forest, 245-500 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1563, 1565). In Guam, "usually in forests or woods, often among rocks in somewhat dry but shaded localities" (Stone, 1970; p. 214). In Fiji, "fairly common from sea level to about 900 m on open hillsides, river banks, beaches, and on plantations; it also occurs along forest trails and in wet, open places, sometimes forming dense tangles in crest clearings" (Smith, 1979; p. 343).  In Tonga, "a frequent weed in plantations and waste areas"  (Yuncker, 1959; p. 61).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Tropical regions of the old and new worlds." (Smith, 1979; p. 343). Native or an early introduction to many Pacific islands. Considered an early introduction to Fiji (Smith, 1979; p. 343) and Niue (Sykes, 1970; p. 257). Fosberg et al. (1987; p. 50) list it as native to Micronesia.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island introduced
abo. intro.
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 52)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 35363)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus (L.) P.Beauv.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island introduced
abo. intro.
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 52)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 37110)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus (L.) P.Beauv.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island introduced
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1990) (p. 16)
Vouchers cited: Harris 31, Whistler 3224
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 24)
Voucher cited: W. Harris 31 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 40515)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus (L.) P.Beauv.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1990) (voucher ID: PTBG 9085)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Anon. (1988) (p. 2)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1993) (voucher ID: PTBG 27456)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1992) (voucher ID: PTBG 44165)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island native
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 65)
Voucher cited: CBM-BS-59074
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 31605 (US, BISH, BRI, MO, POM)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 13)
Vouchers cited: Falanruw 1936 (US), Fosberg 31735 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 13)
Vouchers cited: Falanruw 1964 (US), Falanruw 1615 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Vouchers cited: Falanruw 1964 (US, BISH), Raulerson 1121 (US, GUAM)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Asuncion Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Asuncion Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 2313 (US, GUAM)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Guguan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Guguan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 3123 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island native
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 65)
Voucher cited: CBM-BS-58970
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Vouchers cited: Necker R-73 (US), Fosberg 31874 (US), Raulerson 1486 (US, GUAM), Evans 2201 (US, BISH, K, P)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1982) (voucher ID: PTBG 27461)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Kanehira & Hatusima 4311 (FU)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
var. patens
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Var. patens (Honda) Ohwi; voucher cited: Evans 2390 (US, BISH, POM, NY)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island native
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 10)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Naturalized
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Naturalized
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Naturalized
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Naturalized
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santiago Group
Santiago Island possibly introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Dublon (Tonowas) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Vouchers cited: Anderson 2097 (US, BISH, POM, NY, L), Anderson 2194 (S, BISH, POM, NY)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Murilo (Mwiriné) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Var. patens (Honda) Ohwi; voucher cited: Evans 1175 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namonuito (Namonweito, Nómwun Wiité) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Nomwin (Nómwiin) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Pis Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Pis Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 24635 (US, BISH, CANB, L, NY)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll native
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 35)
Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 166 (GUAM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Udot Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Udot Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 60223 (US, BISH, POM, L, UC, KYO)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Vouchers cited: Hosaka 2705 (US, BISH, POM), Evans 777 (US, BISH, POM, BRI), Anderson 744 (US, BISH, MO, POM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 26563 (US,BISH, POM, K, BRI), Glassman 2690 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2005) (p. 16)
Common.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Mokil (Mwokil) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Mokil (Mwokil) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Glassman 2605 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Nukuoro Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Nukuoro Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 26229 (US, BISH, POM, L)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
also var. patens
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Glassman, S. F. (1952) (p. 131)
Voucher cited: Glassman 2579 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island native
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 59)
Vouchers cited: M.J. Balick 4111 (NY, PTBG), T.W. Flynn 6290 (K, MO, PTBG, US), F.R. Fosberg 26229 (BISH), F.R. Fosberg 58469 (BISH), S.F. Glassman 2579 (BISH), S.F. Glassman 2605 (BISH), S.F. Glassman 2843 (BISH), S.F. Glassman 58467 (BISH), E.Y. Hosaka 3509 (BISH), T. Hosokawa 5577 (BISH), W.A. Niering 740 (BISH), M. Takamatsu 1007 (BISH)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Vouchers cited: Ledermann 13653a (B), Nakao in 1941 (KYO), Glassman 2579 (US), Fosberg 58469 (US, BISH), Hosaka 3509 (US, BISH, MO, NSW, L)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 24403)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus (L.) P. Beauv.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ifalik (Ifaluk) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ifalik (Ifaluk) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 47224 (US, BISH, POM, CANB, BRI, L, P)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Fosberg & Wong 25514 (US, BISH, POM, MO, P, BRI)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Vouchers cited: Wong 182 (US, POM), Wong 417 (US, POM), Cushing 406 (US, GUAM), Cushing 472 (US, GUAM)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 343)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 343)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Mbatiki Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 343)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Mbengga Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 343)
Voucher cited: DA 9617
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Moala Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 343)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Moturiki Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 343)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Nayau Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 343)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ngau Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 343)
Vouchers cited: Smith 7795, Smith 7972
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vatulele Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 343)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 343)
Vouchers cited: Smith 4287, DA 12678 (Melville et al. 7055, DA 1748, DA 7802, DA 7875, DA 2906, DA 7644, DA 1217, DA 1218, DA 1219, DA 7720, DA 9421, DA 9152
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Agakauitai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Agakauitai Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 8)
Voucher cited: St. John 14924 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Aukena Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Aukena Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 8)
Voucher cited: St. John 14617 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 8)
Vouchers cited: Agassiz 89 (GH), Quayle & Curtis 416 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 8)
Voucher cited: St. John 14817 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: D.H. Lorence, W.L. Wagner, J. Florence, Y. Séchan & S. Bishop 6142 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1988) (voucher ID: PTBG 6320)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1929) (voucher ID: PTBG 45099)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7292 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7285 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 340)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 64793
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island native
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 14)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 64793 (US), Fosberg 64823 (US), Raynal 17847
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 340)
Voucher cited: Florence 5037
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 340)
Vouchers cited: Moore 727, BRY 26663
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 340)
Voucher cited: Grant 3684
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 2443 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence & W.R. Sykes 11217 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 340)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 214)
Vouchers cited: Stone 3965 (GUAM), Stone 4443 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Varieties compositus and patens.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: G.E.S. 198 (US); var. patens (Honda) Ohwi; vouchers cited: Clemens in 1911 (US), Hosaka 3095 (US, BISH, POM, BRI), Fosberg 32632 (US, BISH, POM, MO, L)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1563, 1565)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1563, 1565)
Voucher cited: Forbes 497.K (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2003) (p. 21)
West Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H90107 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank (2008) (p. 33)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H120501 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1563, 1565)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1563, 1565)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands native
Toyoda, Takeshi (2003) (p. 269)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands   Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ebon (Epoon) Atoll probably native
Fosberg, F. Raymond (1990) (p. 22)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Nakao in 1941 (KYO)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Stone 1112 (POM)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 52)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Vouchers cited: Stone 1434 (GUAM), Fosberg 26980 (US, BISH, TI, POM, CANB, K)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1984) (voucher ID: PTBG 11915)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1977) (p. 172)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
abo. intro.
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 247)
Vouchers cited: CHR 168768, CHR 168769
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 54)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 50)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1982) (pp. 76-77)
Voucher cited: Otobed PW-10169 (US)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1996) (voucher ID: BNM 26493)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus (L.) Beauv.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1978) (voucher ID: BNM 10169)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Kayangel (Ngcheangel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 8)
Voucher: Lorence 9778 (PTBG, BNM, NY)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Kayangel (Ngcheangel) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2008) (voucher ID: PTBG 70)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus (L.) P.Beauv.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago   Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 50)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)   Henty, E. E. (1969) (p. 132)
Widespread in moist shady places, from sea level to 4000 ft.
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (p. 71)
In thickets, old clearings, etc., at low and medium altitudes; often common.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
St. John, H. (1987) (p. 23)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Western Samoa Islands introduced
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 54)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Sikaiana Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1971) (voucher ID: PTBG 38705)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 94)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
invasive
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 95)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘apai Islands introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Voucher cited: Hotta 4868
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Kao Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15912
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Kao Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 61)
Vouchers cited: Yuncker 15912, Yuncker 15876
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Tofua Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Voucher cited: Hotta 4338
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 61)
"Throughout Tonga"
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Vouchers cited: Hotta 5405, Soakai 697, Sykes 267, Sykes 503, Sykes 522, Sykes 542, Sykes 719, Sykes 758, Whistler 6458, Whistler 6694, Whistler 7211
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Vouchers cited: D'Urville?, Moseley (n.s.), Hurlimann 97, Lawrence 85, Soakai 625, Sykes 26, Sykes 905
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 61)
Voucher cited: Hürlimann 97
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1989) (voucher ID: PTBG 3913)
Taxon name on voucher: Oplismenus compositus
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Late Island introduced
Sykes, W. R. (1981) (p. 352)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Late Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Vouchers cited: Hotta 4427, Buelow & Sykes 227, Buelow & Sykes 255
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Voucher cited: Whistler 6188
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Tafahi Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Voucher cited: Hurlimann 556
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Tafahi Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 61)
Voucher cited: Hürlimann 556
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 100)
Vouchers cited: Crosby 188, Yuncker 16046, Yuncker 16191, Hotta 4603
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 61)
Vouchers cited: Yuncker 16046, Yuncker 16190
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Burkill, I. H. (1900) (p. 60)
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of)   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 94)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands introduced
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 54)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 341)
In wet places of thin forests.
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island native
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993) (p. 21)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Malè Atoll   Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 12)


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This page was created on 26 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 30 NOV 2008.