Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Myosotis sylvatica
Hoffm., Boraginaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Other Latin names:  Myosotis oblongata Link

Common name(s): [more details]

English: garden forget-me-not, wood forget-me-not, woodland forget-me-not

French: myosotis des Alpes, myosotis des bois, myosotis des forets, ne m'oubliez-pas

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Perennial up to 30 cm tall. Stem erect, simple, sometimes with few branches, sparsely to densely vinous. Basal leaves elliptic-oblong to oblanceolate, 30-50 x 15-30 mm. Cauline leaves oblanceolate, sometimes lanceolate-obtuse, apiculate, uppermost ones similar but smaller and sessile. Inflorescence in flower short and crowded, in fruit loose and elongated, with fruiting calyx up to 16 mm apart. Fruiting pedicel exceeding calyx length. Calyx 1/2 to 3/4th partite into lanceolate lobes, covered with spreading hairs, those on the lower connate part uncinate, base gradually (not abruptly) tapering, in fruit wide open. Corolla limb 5-7 mm broad; blue or bluish-purple. Nutlets c. 1.5 mm, oblong, upper half keeled vent-rally, acutish at tip with a narrow margin all around, blackish-brown, smooth and shiny"  (Flora of Pakistan online).

Habitat/ecology:  "Forests, riparian habitats, disturbed sites.  This plant grows in forests, woodland, and rocky places within the native range, and is a variable species with four subspecies in Europe.  The dense growth habit crowds out native plants and impedes their regeneration.  It displaces invaded areas with mono-specific stands"  (Weber, 2003; p. 276).  In New Zealand, "usually as an escape from cultivation in waste places, scrub, plantations, forest margins, forest paths and roadside verges, especially in shade where it can be the dominant species; sometimes a troublesome weed in gardens"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 383).

Propagation:  "It is a prolific seed producer that establishes in locally disturbed sites within natural communities.  Seeds are dispersed by water and animals"  (Weber, 2003; p. 276).

Native range:  Europe; southern Asia to Bhutan, India and Nepal  (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 555)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 180)
Australian Capitol Territory, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 180)
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Canada (British Colombia)
Province of British Columbia
Canada (British Columbia) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 383)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized

Control: 

Physical:  "Single plants and small patches may be pulled or dug out.  Cutting before seed ripen prevents seed dispersal but does not eliminate the plant".

Chemical:  "Dense stands can be sprayed with herbicide, best before flowering commences"  (Weber, 2003; p. 276).


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This page was created on 23 JAN 2011 and was last updated on 9 APR 2011.