Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Moorochloa eruciformis
Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Brachiaria eruciformis (Sm.) Griseb.; Panicum eruciforme Sm.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: bi xing cao

English: sweet signal grass

French: herbe carapatte

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Annual, with spreading culms rooting at the lower nodes.  Flowering culms up to 45 cm high.  Blades slightly hairy, flat, usually less than 7 cm long and only up to 4.5 mm wide.  Panicle 5-7 cm long with several appressed to ascending racemes up to 2.3 cm long; rachis pubescent; spikelets about 2.5 mm long, slightly hairy; first glume tiny (0.3 mm long), nerveless"  (Stone, 1970; p. 202).

Description from GrassBase.
Description from the Flora of China online.

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, "a low elevation weed (to 60 m) of sugarcane fields, gardens, roadsides, and damp open places" (Smith, 1979; p. 331). In New Caledonia, "mauvaise herbe de jardins, cultures et terrains vagues" (MacKee, 1994; p. 57).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Greece, North Africa, India and perhaps part of America (Stone, 1970; p. 202).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 331)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 1194, 1212; DA 10324, 8567, 9747, 2619, 9097, 11181
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 204)
Rare per Stone. Voucher cited: G.E.S. 126
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 51-52)
As Panicum erucaeforme J. E. Smith
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
invasive
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 380)
Mauvaise herbe, cultures et terrains vagues.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 57)
Voucher cited: Franc 2177
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Open and disturbed situations on hill slopes and in dry fields as an arable weed. Fujian, Guizhou, Yunnan.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of)   Hafliger, Ernst/Scholz, Hildemar (1980) (p. 15)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 192)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 52)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 22 MAY 2017 and was last updated on 2 JUN 2017.