Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Montanoa hibiscifolia
Benth., Asteraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 13 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Eriocoma hibiscifolia (Benth.) Kuntze

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Anzac-flower, Christmas daisy, montanoa, tree daisy

French: marguerite de Mai, papayer fleu

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Perennial, scarcely branching half-shrub up to 6 m high.  Leaves:  Dark green above, paler below, softly hairy on both surfaces, up to 250 mm long x 250 mm wide, broadly ovate in outline, deeply palmately lobed, with a pair of auricles at the base of the blade.  Flower heads:  Ray petals white, disc yellow; about 40 mm across; many in terminal, branched inflorescences.  Fruits:  Reddish-brown achenes, 3.5 mm long, borne in the rounded, papery, old flower heads" (Henderson, 1995; p. 99).

Habitat/ecology:  "Forms dense stands in drier mesic areas"  (Motooka et al., 2003). Low to mid elevations, mesic to dry areas. 0-2,000 ft. elevation in Hawai‘i.

Propagation:  Seeds.

Native range:  Central America from Guatemala south to Costa Rica  (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 169).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 78)
Voucher cited: Florence 6971
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 546499)
Taxon name on voucher: Montanoa hibiscifolia Benth.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 345)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaho‘olawe Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim (2011) (p. 24)
Voucher cited: Starr, Starr & Higashino 081230-01 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 345)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 345)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 345)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank (2013) (p. 17)
"The Moloka‘i Invasive Species Committee staff has initiated eradication efforts". Voucher cited: Oppenheimer, L. Buchanan, K. Pali & S. Aruch H31011 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 345)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Natualized
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Chiapas
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Naturalisé"

Comments:  On State of Hawai‘i noxious species list.

Control: 

Chemical:  "Sensitive to basal bark applications of 2,4-D and triclopyr and to soil-applied tebuthiuron"  (Motooka et al., 2003).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 11 FEB 2010.