Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Miscanthus sinensis
Andr., Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Reject, score: 14 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Eulalia japonica Trin.; Miscanthus boninensis Nakai ex Honda; Miscanthus condensatus Hack.; Miscanthus purpurascens Andersson; Saccharum japonicum Thunb.; Xiphagrostis condensatus (Hack.) W. Wright

Common name(s): [more details]

Bikol: bigáho, bígau, gáho, gísa

Bontoc: lólo, pao

Chinese: mang

English: Chinese fairy grass, Chinese silver grass, eulalia, euly, Japanese pampas grass, Japanese silver grass, maiden grass, miscanthus, pampas grass, purple silver grass, wild sugar cane, zebra grass

French: eulalie, miscanthus de Chine

Ibatan: víau

Ifugao: bílau

Iloko: rúno

Japanese: susuki

Korean: eogsae

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Plant tufted or shortly rhizomatous. Culms (30-)80-200 (-400) cm tall, 3-10 mm in diameter, solid, unbranched, nodes glabrous or puberulous. Leaves basal and cauline; leaf sheaths glabrous or pilose; leaf blades linear, flat, 18-75 x 0.3-2(-4) cm, glabrous, glaucous or pilose, midrib prominent, margins scabrid or smooth, base tapering or broad and rounded, apex acuminate; ligule 0.5-4 mm, ciliolate. Panicle (10-)20-36 cm; axis 6-16 cm, subglabrous to pilose or puberulous. Racemes (4-)10-40(-100), (8-)10-30 cm; rachis internodes glabrous, scaberulous or smooth, nodes glabrous; lower pedicel 0.5-1.5 mm, upper pedicel 1.5-4 mm. Spikelets 4-6.5 mm, pilose or glabrous, awned; callus hairs 5-8 mm, exceeding the spikelet; glumes subequal, membranous, 4-6.5 mm, 5-veined, back glabrous or pilose, puberulous at apex and along upper margins, apex acuminate; lower lemma lanceolate, hyaline, 3.5-4 mm, veinless, apex and margins puberulous, otherwise glabrous; upper lemma similar to lower, 2.5-3.5 mm; awn geniculate, 4-12 mm; upper palea a 1-2 mm scale. Anthers 3, ca. 2.5 mm. Caryopsis ellipsoid, ca. 2 mm"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In China, "mountain slopes, coasts, disturbed places; below 2000 m"  (Flora of China online).  In New Zealand, waste land and roadsides (Edgar & Connor, 2000; p. 608).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Eastern Asia, Indonesia (Celebes), Philippines; also cultivated and naturalized elsewhere, including the United States (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands native
Toyoda, Takeshi (2003) (pp. 237, 293)
Also subsp. condensatus (Hack.) T. Koyama, introduced (p. 293). As Miscanthus condensatus Hack.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 50)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (pp. 31-32)
In open places, on slopes, and in ravines, altitude 800-2,700 m, often abundant.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (pp. 340-341)
On hillslopes and open fields.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Celebes
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
subsp. condensatus (Hack.) T. Koyama
North Korea
North Korea
North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Edgar, E./Connor, H. (2000) (p. 608)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 9 MAR 2010 and was last updated on 15 AUG 2013.