Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Mimusops caffra
E.H.Mey. ex A.DC., Sapotaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 2 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: coastal red milkwood

Habit:  shrub/tree

Description:  "Much-branched evergreen shrub or small tree 1-5 (12) m. tall. Young stems greyish or ferrugineous appressed-pubescent, older branches glabrous with striated grey bark. Leaves very leathery. Lamina 3-9 x 18-43 cm., cordate or broadly to narrowly obovate with apex slightly emarginate or rarely rounded-acute; base acute; margin thickened, slightly revolute; petiole 7-16 mm. long. Midrib slightly raised on both surfaces, other nerves faint. Upper leaf surface appressed-pubescent when young, soon glossy, glabrous, lower surface densely and minutely brownish or ferrugineous appressed-pubescent, rarely subglabrous. Flowers white, borne 1-8 in leaf axils; pedicels 15-3 cm. long. Calyx c. 8 mm. long; lobes of outer whorl narrowly triangular, brownish-pubescent, those of inner whorl lanceolate, paler and more delicate than outer, with distinct median dorsal groove. Corolla equaling calyx, connate at base into a tube c. 15 mm. long; median segments lanceolate with involute margins, lateral segments slightly shorter, each divided almost to the base into two narrowly triangular laciniae. Stamens c. 5 mm. long; filaments subulate, anthers c. 3-5 mm. long. Staminodes c. 35 mm. long. Ovary c. 25 mm. long; style c. 65 mm. long. Fruit an edible plum-shaped berry up to 25 cm. long, orange-red when ripe; fruiting calyx not reflexed; style persistent. Seed 10-13 mm. long"  (Flora Zambesiaca online).

Description from Flora of Mozambique.

Habitat/ecology:  "In coastal thickets"  (Flora Zambesiaca online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Mozambique and South Africa (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (p. 520)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
Randall, R. P. (2007) (p. 313)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 FEB 2013 and was last updated on 10 FEB 2013.