Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Metrosideros collina
(J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.) A. Gray, Myrtaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Leptospermum collinum J. R. Forst. & G. Forst; Melaleuca villosa L. f.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Polynesian Metrosideros, vunga

Fijian: sekula, vunga, vunga leka, vunga ndina, vunga tangane, vunga tawa

Maori (Cook Islands): rata

Tahitian: hena, puarata

Habit:  tree

Description:  "As seen if Fiji this complex species consists of trees or shrubs 1-20 m high, variable as to the indument of vegetative and inflorescence parts, the branchlets subterete to subquadrangular; petioles (2-) 4-12 mm long; leaf blades often coriaceous and copiously glandular-punctate, elliptic-lanceolate to oblong- or obovate-elliptic, (2.5-) 4-8.5 x (0.8-) 1.5-6 cm; conflorescences with 3-5 pairs of uniflorescences with peduncles 3-20 mm long, the flower-enclosing scales about 6, to 6 mm long and broad; flowers sessile or with anthopodium to 4 mm (at anthesis) or 6 mm (in fruit) long, the lateral flowers subtended by suborbicular bracts to 4 mm long, the bracteoles to 2 mm long; hypanthium cupuliform-obconical, 1.5-3 mm long, 2-4 mm in distal diameter, extending 1-2 mm beyond ovary, the sepals 5 (or 6), to 2 x 3 mm; petals 5 (or 6), obovate to suborbicular, to 4 mm long and broad; stamens 20-24 (-30), the filaments at anthesis 12-20 mm long; style 13-30 mm long; hypanthium in fruit subrotate, 5-7 mm in diameter at rim, the free part of capsule triquetrous-subglobose, (3-) 5-8 mm in diameter, conspicuously extending beyond level of hypanthial rim"  (Smith, 1985; p. 294; see this reference for a key to the varieties).

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, "found from near sea level upward to about 1,120 m in sometimes dense forest and in swampy places; it is comparatively infrequent at lower elevations" (var. collina); "occurring at elevations from near sea level to 1,200 m in forest and open swamps, on open hillsides, and in the thickets of crests and ridges" (var. villosa); "occurring in sometimes dense forest at elevations of 50-925 m" (var. fruticosa)  (Smith, 1985; pp. 294-297).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "New Hebrides [Vanuatu] eastward to the Marquesas and Tuamotu Islands [French Polynesia]"  (Smith, 1985; p. 294).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island native
Whistler, W. A. (1979) (p. 272)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island native
Whistler, W. A. (1990) (p. 396)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 295-296)
Vouchers cited: Smith 67, DA 11932 (DF 12) (var. villosa); DF 1021 (var. collina)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 295-296)
Vouchers cited: Seemann 169 (var. villosa); Seemann 169 (var. collina)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Matuku Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 296)
Voucher cited: Milne 109 (var. collina)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ovalau Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 295-297)
Vouchers cited: Smith 7587 (var. villosa); Gillespie 4470 (var. collina); Smith 7626 (var. fruticosa)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 295-296)
Vouchers cited: Smith 860 (var. villosa); Smith 853 (var. collina)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 295-296)
Vouchers cited: DA 15140, DA 12820, Smith 6542, Smith 682 (var. villosa); Smith 1651, Smith 1853, DA L.24155, DA 15734, Smith 1993 (var. collina)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 295)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones 1144 (var. villosa)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 295-297)
Vouchers cited: Smith 4414, Tothill 160A, DA 13397, DF 1102, DA 2189, DA L.13281 (Berry 70), DA 17372, H.B.R. Parham 22, Tothill 160C (var villosa); Greenwood 295, Parks 20656, Degener 14495, DA 2335, Smith 5330, Horne 935, DF 1102, DA 9173 (McKee 2737), Gillespie 2785, Gillespie 3282, Degener 15459, parks 20431, Milne 54, Vaughan 3461 (var. collina); Greenwood 294, DA 14446, Gibbs 545, Gibbs 879, Gibbs im Thurn 129, Degener 14425, DF 831, DA L.13280 (Berry 15), Seemann 170, Seemann 171, Gillespie 2526, Degener 15458, DA 3404, DF 229 (Bola 78), DA 2672 (var. fruticosa)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Yasawas Island native
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 295)
Voucher cited: St. John 18156 (var. villosa)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island native
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 49)
Voucher cited: Beechey s.n.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of) native
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 294)


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This page was created on 20 OCT 2011 and was last updated on 21 OCT 2011.