Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Medicago rugosa
Desr., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Medicago elegans Jacq. ex Willd.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: gama medic, rugose medick, wrinkled medick

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Annual herbs; stems prostrate, up to 5 dm long, glabrous.  Leaflets obovate, 10-20 mm long, 7-15 mm wide, glabrous, apex rounded to truncate, stipules deeply incised, each consisting of 3-5 linear lobes, some of which, especially the central one, are again laciniate.  Flowers (1) 2-5 in racemes; corolla yellow, 2-4 mm long.  Pods 6-10 mm in diameter, spirally twisted in 2-3 complete turns, sparsely pubescent or glabrous, transverse veins prominent, forming a spirally-tangentially directed network toward the edge, prickles absent"  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 684, 686).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Mediterranean Region (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 686); also cultivated and naturalized (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 686)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Tim (1997) (p. 10)
Voucher cited: Flynn 5922 (PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank (2007) (p. 24)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer & J. Penniman H50623 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L./Bartlett, Randal T. (2002) (p. 8)
West Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H50004 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank (2007) (p. 24)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer, Tangalin & Perlman H50639 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 686)
Voucher cited: Forbes 1718.O (BISH)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 11 DEC 2007 and was last updated on 20 MAY 2013.