Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Macrotyloma axillare
(E. Mey.) Verdc., Fabaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 10 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Dolichos axillaris E. Mey.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: perennial horse gram

French: archer dolichos

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Climbing herb, up to 3.5 m long, with annual stems growing from a perennial rootstock. Stems with rather dense spreading hairs. Leaves 3-foliolate with elliptic to ovate leaflets; lateral leaflets somewhat asymmetric. Flowers axillary in pairs or 4-10-flowered clusters, white to creamy yellow-green, often with a purple blotch at the base of the standard. Pods 3-8 cm, flattened, linear-oblong, pubescent, beaked"  (Flora of Zimbabwe online).

Habitat/ecology:  "On sandy soils in grassland and open woodland, sometimes in disturbed and cultivated places.  Up to 1700 m"  (Flora of Zimbabwe online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Africa, Indian Ocean islands (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion), Saudi Arabia and northern Yemen, Sri Lanka (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 238)
Introduced as a potential pasture legume. Present status unknown.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Staples, George W./Imada, Clyde T./Herbst, Derral R. (2003) (pp. 11-12)
var. glabrum (E. Mey.) Verde. Voucher cited: J. Lau 1096.5 (BISH)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 86)
Voucher cited: MacKee 31276
Spontané
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Comoros
Comoro Islands
Comoro Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 24 APR 2010 and was last updated on 27 APR 2010.