Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Lycium barbarum
L., Solanaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 12 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Lycium halimifolium Mill.; Lycium vulgare Dunal

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: ning xia gou qi

English: Barbary matrimony-vine, Chinese boxthorn, Chinese wolfberry, Duke of Argyll's teaplant, Duke of Argyll's teatree, goji-berry, Himalayan goji, matrimony vine, Tibetan goji

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Shrubs (small tree in cultivation) 0.8-2 m tall. Stems and branches glabrous, branches thorny. Leaves solitary or fasciculate, lanceolate or long elliptic, 2-3 cm x 3-6 mm. Inflorescences solitary or clustered flowers. Pedicel 1-2 cm. Calyx campanulate, 4-5 mm, usually 2-lobed, lobes 2- or 3- toothed at apex. Corolla purple, funnelform; tube 8-10 mm, obviously longer than limb and lobes; lobes 5-6 mm, spreading, margin glabrescent. Stamens and style slightly exserted. Berry red or orange-yellow, oblong or ovoid, 0.4-2 cm x 5-10 mm. Seeds usually 4-20, brown-yellow, ca. 2 mm"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Zealand, "modified habitats close to original cultivation sites.  It was presumably introduced for forming hedges but is now a rather uncommon cultivated species. Apparently it does not fruit freely in New Zealand"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 1226).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  China, naturalized and cultivated elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 2723 (PAP)
Cultivée.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Slopes, near fields and houses or by ditches. Gansu, N Hebei, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, N Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang. Widely cultivated for medicine.
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 1226)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 25 OCT 2010 and was last updated on 22 NOV 2010.