Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Luffa acutangula
(L.) Roxb., Cucurbitaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Cucumis acutangulus L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: guang dong si gua

English: angled loofah, Chinese okra, dish-cloth gourd, ribbed gourd, ribbed loofah, ridged gourd, silk gourd, silky gourd, sinkwa towelsponge, sinqua melon, vegetable sponge

Japanese: tokado-hechima

Tongan: pulu kaukau

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Leaves angled, but little if at all lobed except on young shoots; stamens 3, fruit club-shaped, 1 ft. long or less, strongly 10-anged, seeds wrinkled, wingless" (Bailey & Bailey, 1976; p. 684).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Pakistan and possibly India, naturalized throughout tropics and subtropics (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 94)
Voucher cited: Florence 8559
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 8559 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 565)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 178)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 89)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 99)
"Potential invader".
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 124)
Vouchers cited: Scully 162N (US), Swarbrick 9577 (BRIU)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Palau Islands (main island group) introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 178)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago introduced
cultivated
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 545)
Planted by Malays and Chinese, rarely by whites, and used as a vegetable.
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 582)
Commonly cultivated for its edible fruits, but not established.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
cultivated
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 87)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated in S. China.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 106)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 33)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
Rivers, Julie (2004) (pp. 3, 7)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Agalega Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Stoddart, D. R. (1983) (p. 119)

Comments:  Reported as an invasive species in Nauru (Meyer, 2000; p. 99).


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This page was created on 17 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 11 JUL 2013.