Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Lophostemon confertus
(R.Br.) P.G.Wilson & J.T.Waterhouse, Myrtaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Low risk, score: -3 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Tristania conferta R. Br.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: hong jiao mu

English: Brisbane box, Brisbane boxtree, brush box, Queensland-box, red box, vinegar tree

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Trees up to 20 m tall (in Hawai‘i), bark pinkish brown. Leaves alternate, 4-5 in pseudoverticils at the ends of the branchlets, chartaceous, lanceolate, 8-20 cm long, 4-7 cm wide, glabrous, apex acuminate, base cuneate, petioles 1.5-3.5 cm long. Flowers 3-7 in axillary cymes subtended by bud scales or rarely by leaves; sepals subulate, 4-5 mm long, caducous; stamens usually 70 or more per fascicle; style 4-5 mm long. Capsules turbinate to hemispherical, 10-15 mm in diameter. Seeds 2-3 mm long" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 963-964).

Habitat/ecology:  In its native range (Australia), widespread and common except in the drier parts of the region, around the edges of rainforest and in most types of eucalypt forests (Stanley and Ross, 1986; vol. 2, pp. 198-199). Commonly planted as a forestry tree in Hawai‘i.

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Queensland and New South Wales, Australia; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 963-964)
Forestry plantations.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 963-964)
Forestry plantations.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Oppenheimer, Hank (2007) (p. 28)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer & J. Penniman H50616 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2004) (p. 14)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimer, J.Q.C. Lau & R. Aguraiuja H60302 (BISH, PTBG)
Spreading from plantations.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 963-964)
Forestry plantations.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Oppenheimer, Hank (2010) (p. 37)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H80830 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 963-964)
Forestry plantations and escaping.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 963-964)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 963-964)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated in Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan and Yunnan.
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 57)
Cultivated only
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)

Comments:  Some local naturalizing where planted in Hawai‘i.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 19 MAY 2013.