Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Lophospermum erubescens
D.Don, Plantaginaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 10 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Asarina erubescens (D. Don) Pennell; Lophospermum scandens Sessé & Moc. ex D. Don; Maurandia erubescens (D. Don) A. Gray; Maurandya erubescens (D. Don) A. Gray

Common name(s): [more details]

English: creeping gloxinia, larger roving sailor, Mexican twist

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Vines from a woody caudexLeaves broadly deltate to cordate, blades 4.5-15.5 cm long, 4.5-15 cm wide, softly glandular pubescent, margins dentate to broadly cuneate, petioles 3-6.5 cm long.  Flowers protogynous, peduncles 2-11.5 cm long; calyx 20-26 mm long, the lobes green and sometimes tinged purple, broadly ovate, connate at base, subequal, sparsely glandular pubescent, not enlarging in fruit; corolla pinkish red to red apically and white below, narrowly funnelform, the tube 48-63 mm long, the lobes subequal, 11-14 mm long, recurved, glandular pubescent externally; staminode vestigial; style 44-50 mm long.  Capsules globose, symmetrical, 1.5-2 cm long"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1244).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "sparingly naturalized in dry forest, alien grassland, and shrubland, 200-1,440 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1244).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Sierra Madre Oriental, Mexico (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1244).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1244)
Voucher cited: Rock 13001 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Martz, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (1999) (p. 14)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Starr & Martz 980404-22
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1244)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 1195)
"Thriving on almost soilless lava under trees for many years without increasing markedly; presumably an escape from cultivation".
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Naturalisé/±envahissant"


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This page was created on 28 FEB 2006 and was last updated on 2 SEP 2012.