Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Lobelia zeylanica
L., Campanulaceae
No images for this taxon


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Lobelia purpurascens sensu J. W. Parham in Dept. Agr. Fiji Bull.35 and other publications.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: luan ye ban bian lian

English: white root

Fijian: vononiwai

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Prostrate herb..., the stems rooting at lower nodes, then ascending to 20 cm high; petiole 1-20 mm long; leaf blades ovate, 1-4 (-6) x 1-3.5 cm, tinged with purple beneath, subentire to repand-dentate, puberulent to glabrous on both surfaces; flowers axillary, the pedicels 1-3.5 cm long; calyx tube 2-4 mm long, the lobes lanceolate to deltoid, 3-5 mm long; corolla 4-9 mm long, pale blue or lavender, dorsally slit to base, the tube nearly white; filaments 3-5 mm long, the anthers 0.8-1.5 mm long, with apical hair tufts; capsule ovoid, 3-6 mm long, yellowish brown" (Smith, 1991; p. 247).

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, "from near sea level to about 1,000 m, often abundantly naturalized along trails in dense forest and also in dry forest, wet clearings, cocoa plantations, pastures, marshes, and swamps, and along roadsides" (Smith, 1991; p. 247).  "In Samoa, "uncommon in wet disturbed places, mostly in the mountains" (Whistler, 1988; p. 8).

Propagation:  Seed, vegetatively.

Native range:  "Southeastern Asia (from Ceylon, the Himalayas, southern China, and Formosa) throughout Malesia.  Specimens have not been noted from between New Guinea and Fiji" (Smith, 1991; p. 247).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Matuku Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 247)
Voucher cited: DA 7739
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rambi Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 247)
Voucher cited: DA 3676
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 247)
Voucher cited: Degener & Ordonez 13911
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 247)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 811, Smith 4760, O. & I. Degener 32059, Smith 9402, DA 8630, Smith 8805, DA 10951, DA 12323, DA 9424, DA 6018, Greenwood 811A, Gillespie 3407, Smith 7003, DA 11432, DA 7563
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1927) (voucher ID: PTBG 45067)
Taxon name on voucher: Lobelia zeylanica
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Western Samoa Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 8)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 87)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
By water and streams in ravines; below 1500(-2000) m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 259)
Along streams.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) native
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 57)
Common
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
By water and streams in ravines; below 1500(-2000) m.
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 18 AUG 2002 and was last updated on 19 OCT 2006.