Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Lobelia tupa
L., Campanulaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Common name(s): [more details]

English: devil's-tobacco, tupa

Spanish: tabaco del diablo, trupa, tupa

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Planta arbustiva siempreverde que alcanza una altura de hasta 4 m. Tallos erectos, huecos llenos de látex blanco. Tallos nuevos de color rojo-púrpura. Hojas simples, sésiles, de borde finamente aserrado, forma variable generalmente oblonga con el ápice agudo. Láminas de color verde cenicienta de 10-15 cm de longitud, pubescentes, especialmente en el envés. Flores hermafroditas de 4-5 cm de longitud, reunidas en racimos terminales. Cáliz formado por 5 sépalos fusionados, corola de 5 pétalos de color púrpura, unidos en la base. Estambres 5. El fruto es una cápsula bi-valva con numerosas semillas en su interior"  (Enciclopedia de la Flora Chilena).

Habitat/ecology:  "In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:  Low altitude, interior valleys; coastal mountains, 500-2000 m; coastal areas, 0-500 m. Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3-5 months, precipitations of 400-800 mm. are concentrated in winter; humid areas, with almost constant rainfall, short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month). Some shadow, some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20-40% of light"  (Chileflora).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Chile (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 555)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 11 FEB 2011 and was last updated on 9 APR 2011.