Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Liriope muscari
(Decne.) L.H.Bailey, Asparagaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

Low risk, score 4.5 (based on second screen) (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific)).
Reject, score: 7 (Go to the risk assessment (U.S. (Florida))).

Other Latin names:  Liriope platyphylla F. T. Wang & Tang

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: kuo ye shan mai dong

English: big blue lilyturf

Korean: maegmundong

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Roots sometimes with fleshy, tuberous part near tip. Stolons absent. Leaves linear to narrowly so, (12-)25-65 x (0.2-)0.8-2(-3.5) cm, stiff, (5-)9-11-veined. Scape (12-)45-100 cm. Inflorescence (2-)8-45 cm, many flowered; bracts setiform, 3-4 mm; bracteoles ovate. Flowers in clusters of (3 or)4-8; pedicel (2-)4--5 mm, articulate near middle. Tepals purple or lilac-purple, elliptic-oblong, 3.5-4 x 1.5-1.8 mm. Filaments ca. 1.5 mm; anthers equaling filaments. Style ca. 2 mm; stigma small, slightly 3-lobed. Seeds blackish purple at maturity, globose, 6-7 mm in diameter"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  "Forests, bamboo forests, scrub, shady and moist places in ravines and on slopes; 100-1400(-2000) m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  China and Japan; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1961) (voucher ID: BISH 147014)
Taxon name on voucher: Liriope muscari (Decne.) L.H.Bailey
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Forests, bamboo forests, scrub, shady and moist places in ravines and on slopes; 100-1400(-2000) m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Zhejiang.
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 56)
Cultivated only
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Forests, bamboo forests, scrub, shady and moist places in ravines and on slopes; 100-1400(-2000) m.
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 8 MAR 2010 and was last updated on 19 MAY 2013.