Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Linaria dalmatica
(L.) Mill., Plantaginaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 17 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Antirrhinum dalmaticum L.; Linaria genistifolia subsp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petitm.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Balkan toadflax, broadleaf toadflax, Dalmatian toadflax

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Dalmatian toadflax is a short-lived, perennial herb that can grow 3.9 ft. (1.2 m) tall. Leaves are sessile, alternate, entire, 1.2-2.4 in (3-6 cm) long and bluish-green. Flowering occurs in May-September, when bright yellow, snapdragon-like flowers develop. Flowers, including the spur, are 1.4-2 in. (3.5-5 cm) long and occur in racemes at the apex of the stems. Fruits are capsules that are 0.1-0.3 in. (3-7 mm) long. Each capsule contains numerous small, black-brown, ridged seeds."  (Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States).

Habitat/ecology:  In the United States, "plants occur in fields, pastures, roadsides and rangelands"  (Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Southeastern Europe, Turkey, Iran; also cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (British Colombia)
Province of British Columbia
Canada (British Columbia) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 189)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 25 OCT 2010 and was last updated on 18 MAY 2013.