Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Leonotis ocymifolia
(Burm. f.) Iwarsson, Lamiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Perennial herb, often 1-3 (5) m tall, often branching from the base, growing from a swollen rootstock. Leaves opposite, petiolate, broadly ovate to almost round, less than 6 cm long, velvety to hairy below; margin crenate-dentate. Flowers in 1-2 subspherical inflorescences per branch, separated by an internode up to 65 mm long. Corolla 32-45 mm long covered in dull to bright orange hairs with a single fringe of hairs inside at the base of the tube"  (Flora of Zimbabwe online).

var. raineriana (Vis.) Iwarsson:  "This variety can be distinguished from L. ocymifolia var. ocymifolia by the more robust, semi-woody habit, up to 5 m tall; larger lanceolate-ovate leaves, usually more than 6 cm long and more numerous (up to 5), and larger (up to 9 cm in diameter) inflorescences per branch. The flowers are more variable in colour from whitish buff to pale salmon-pink or orange to orange-red, different colour forms sometimes found growing together" (Flora of Zimbabwe online).

Habitat/ecology:  In Zimbabwe (native), "occurring on rocky outcrops, kopjes, in riverbeds and near evergreen forest, 960-2300 m"  (Flora of Zimbabwe online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Eastern and southern Africa (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 16 DEC 2010 and was last updated on 12 JAN 2011.