Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Lathyrus latifolius
L., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Lathyrus latifolius var. splendens Groenl. & Rümpler; Lathyrus purpureus Gilib., nom. inval.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: kuan ye shan li dou

English: broad-leaf everlasting-pea, everlasting peavine, everlasting sweet pea, everlasting-pea, perennial peavine, perennial sweet pea, perennial-pea

French: gesse a larges flles

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Scrambling perennial; stems glabrous, somewhat angled, broadly winged. Leaves glabrous; tendril branched in upper leaves, sometimes reduced and simple in lower leaves; leaflets in 1 pair, narrowly to broadly elliptic, acute to acuminate, 30-100-(120) mm long; veins parallel; stipules ovate-lanceolate with 1-(2) basal lobes, usually c. as wide as or wider than stem, but at least 1/2 as wide ((3)-5-15 mm wide), 15-35 mm long. Inflorescence > leaves, (4)-8-14-flowered; pedicels 5-12 mm long. Calyx glabrous, slightly or not gibbous at base; calyx teeth somewhat unequal, triangular; lower teeth = or > tube; upper teeth shorter. Corolla usually magenta or purple-pink, rarely white, (15)-20-30 mm long. Pod glabrous, light brown, 10-15-seeded, 60-110 mm long; seeds reddish brown, reticulate-rugose; hilum 1/5-1/3 of circumference"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 652).

Description from Flora of China online.
Description from Flora of Australia online.

Habitat/ecology:  In New Zealand, "waste places, banks, coastal sands and gravels.  The everlasting pea is a persistent perennial forming extensive patches with thick fleshy roots.  Shoots produced late in the flowering season may have narrow, ± linear leaves, and racemes with as few as 2 flowers"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 652).  See also Lathyrus tingitanus.

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Europe and northern Africa; cultivated and naturalized elsewhere in temperate regions (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994)
"widely cultivated and often naturalised as a garden escape". Vouchers cited: P.S. Green 1624 (A, K), L.A.S. Johnson & A.N. Rodd 1288 (K, NSW)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 487, 533, 554)
Voucher cited: Danton I(5/293)1638. "Está presente en varios jardines del pueblo de San Juan Bautista.  Se puede naturalizar y entonces se debe vigilar su extensión".
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Pratt, Linda W./Bio, Leali‘i F. (2012) (p. 76)
Voucher cited: L.W. Pratt 3749 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 678)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Hobdy 2412 (BISH). "Naturalized at least at 1,130 m, Olinda area".
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Martz, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2002) (p. 20)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Starr & Martz 980129-1
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
cultivated
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Cultivated as an ornamental, occasionally naturalized".
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
cultivated
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Cultivated as an ornamental, occasionally naturalized".
Canada (British Colombia)
Province of British Columbia
Canada (British Columbia) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated in Shaanxi
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 184)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 652)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 11 FEB 2011 and was last updated on 3 APR 2011.