Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Lantana montevidensis
(Spreng.) Briq., Verbenaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 16 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Lantana sellowiana Link & Otto

Common name(s): [more details]

English: creeping lantana, purple lantana, small lantana, trailing lantana, weeping lantana, wild verbena

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Suffrutescent herb or low, lax, scrambling, or sometimes climbing shrub with weak stems, often trailing or vinelike and mat-forming, often rooting at nodes, unarmed, more or less strigose or hirsute; leaves decussate, opposite or ternate, the petioles usually about 4 mm long, the blades variable in size and shape, resinous-punctate on both surfaces, ovate to subrhomboid-oblong to lanceolate, mostly (0.6-) 1.2-3.5 x (0.3-) 0.8-1.6 cm, cuneate to attenuate at base, subacute to obtuse at apex, coarsely toothed at margin, generally rugose and scabrous above, strigose on nerves or more densely pubescent beneath; inflorescences initially capitate and hemisperic, 2.5 cm or more broad, elongating and oblong in fruit, slender-pedunculate, the bracteoles ciliate, resinous-punctate, the outer ones broadly ovate to ovate-oblong, acuminate; flowers sessile, the calyx about 2 mm long, obscurely 4- or 5-dentate, subvillose-pubescent; corolla infundibular, slightly irregular, pinkish to rose or purple, the tube slender, about twice as long as subtending bracteoles, 8-12 mm long, subvillose-pubescent, the limb spreading, 5-8 mm broad, 4- or 5-lobed; drupes dark violet, globose, about 4 mm long and broad, fleshy, half enclosed by calyx, the endocarp woody, 2-loculed, splitting septicidally into 2 pyrenes, the seeds dorsally incrassate"  (Smith, 1991; pp. 173-174).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "commonly cultivated and apparently naturalized at least around Lāna‘i City and nearby pineapple fields" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1320). In New Caledonia, "spontané et assez commun aux environs de Nouméa; rarement cultivé et non vu ailleurs" (MacKee, 1994; p. 139).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Native to southern Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Argentina, now cultivated nearly worldwide and naturalized in many tropical and subtropical areas" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1320).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 173-174)
Voucher cited: DA 16893
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 173-174)
Vouchers cited: DA 12301, DA 16477
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 295)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 60896
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 295)
Voucher cited: Florence 3496
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 3496 (PAP)
Cultivée. Ornementale rare.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 295)
Voucher cited: Florence 2656
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 2656 (PAP)
Ornementale peu commune à Tahiti.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tetiaroa Atoll introduced
cultivated
Sachet, M.-H./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 65)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 236)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy W./Wagner, Warren L. (1995) (p. 55)
Voucher cited: T. Flynn & D. Lorence 3132 (PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1320)
Voucher cited: K. Nagata 3497 (BISH, HLA)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 383)
Spontanée et assez commune aux environs de Nouméa.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 139)
Vouchers cited: Germain s.n., Grunow s.n., Franc 502, A. Heim 230 (Z), MacKee 4053, MacKee 20312, Suprin 2018
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago introduced
cultivated
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 473)
Useful for covering rocky ground.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
cultivated
Orapa, Warea (2005)
Gizo and Kirakira
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 38)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Weed of wasteland, frequently in rocky sites; chiefly in coastal districts north from Sydney."
Naturalised
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Queensland Herbarium (2002) (p. 4)
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 231)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 1275)
"North-facing cliffs".
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 53)
Cultivated only


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This page was created on 29 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 19 OCT 2006.