Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Lablab purpureus
(L.) Sweet, Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 5 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Dolichos lablab L.; Dolichos purpureus L.; Lablab vulgaris Savi

Common name(s): [more details]

Chamorro: cheribilla apaka, chuchumeko

Chinese: bian dou

English: bonavist, bonavist-bean, dolichos, Egyptian kidney bean, hyacinth bean, lablab, lablab bean, musical bean, wild bean, wild bean creeper

Fijian: natomba, ndralawa, tomba

French: dolique, dolique d'Egypte, pois nourrice

Hawaiian: pāpapa, pī

Korean: kkachikong

Rapa Nui: haricot

Spanish: zarandajo

Tongan: pini‘ae puaka, vini toga

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Twining climber; leaves trifoliolate; petioles 6-26 cm long; rachis and petiole up to 30 cm; leaflets entire, thinly pubescent, acute-acuminate, 5-15 cm long and wide; terminal leaflet ovate-rhombic, angulate; lateral leaflets asymmetrical; peduncle 5-30 cm long; flowers several together; calyx finely pubescent; tube 4-5 mm long, upper lip 3 mm; corolla violet or whitish; standard to 14 mm long, 20 mm broad; pod oblong, flattened, up to 12 cm long, beaked at tip; seeds 3-5, dark brown or pale tan or white, often speckled, hilum white, linear" (Stone, 1970; p. 333).

"Liane pérenne grimpante, atteignant 6 m de longueur, reconnaissable à ses feuilles trifoliées aux folioles légèrement poilues, à ses inflorescences dressées portant de grandes fleurs blanches, parfois pourpres et à ses gousses applaties comestibles, atteignant 12 cm de long et contenant des grosses graines blanchâtres, également comestibles" (Meyer, 2008; p. 36).

Habitat/ecology:  Widely naturalized and cultivated throughout the tropics.  In Hawai‘i, cultivated and naturalized in dry to mesic disturbed areas, 0-90 m elevation (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 676-678).  In Fiji, "cultivated and naturalized but sometimes appearing to be indigenous, often found in beach thickets but sometimes in open places or waste places up to about 450 m"  (Smith, 1985; pp. 235-236). In New Caledonia, "probablement d'introduction pré-européenne. Cultivé aujourd'hui sur une échelle modeste dans les jardins potagers et en formes fourragères dans les pâturages; parfois subspontané en terrains défrichés" (MacKee, 1994; p. 85).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical Africa; widely cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Norfolk Islands
Norfolk Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 9)
"A relic of cultivation". Voucher cited: W.R. Sykes NI 360 (CHR)
Chile (offshore islands)
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua) introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2008) (pp. 36-37, 42)
"Nous l’avons vue naturalisée en bordure de route près de l’aéroport de Mataveri, abondante sur les clotûres" (Meyer, 2008; p. 37).
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 111)
As Dolichos lablab L.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 27)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 31728 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 111)
As Dolichos lablab L.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 27)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 1674 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 111)
As Dolichos lablab L.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 111)
As Dolichos lablab L.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 145405)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 111)
As Dolichos lablab L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kambara Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 235-236)
Voucher cited: Tothill 123
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Matuku Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 235-236)
Voucher cited: Bryan 236
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Matuku Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 145413)
Taxon name on voucher: Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ovalau Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 235-236)
Voucher cited: Milne 235
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 235-236)
Voucher cited: Seemann 118
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 235-236)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 368, DA 87, DA 14534
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 15)
Voucher cited: St. John 14476 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 15)
Voucher cited: St. John 14716A (BISH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7418 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 150)
Voucher cited: Grant 4898
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 51)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 150)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 63502
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 63502 (PAP), F. R. Fosberg 63502 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 607304)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 150)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 61012
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5579 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 404984)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 333)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 111)
As Dolichos lablab L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 145415)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 145416)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 145417)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1912) (voucher ID: BISH 145418)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 145419)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 145420)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 676-678)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaho‘olawe Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 676-678)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 676-678)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 676-678)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 676-678)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 676-678)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Ni‘ihau Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 676-678)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 676-678)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 111)
As Dolichos lablab L.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 100)
Not seen on this survey and may no longer be present.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 98)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 111)
As Dolichos lablab L.
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 147)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Lifou introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 85)
Voucher cited: Däniker 2352 (Z)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Maré introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 85)
Voucher cited: Schmid 2219 (NOU)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 85)
Vouchers cited: Vieillard 2998, Balansa 294, Sarasin 261, Virot 748, MacKee 5132, MacKee 29361, MacKee 31964
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 154)
Vouchers cited: CHR 150517, CHR 150518, CHR 150520
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 25)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 66)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9686 (BISH)
"Naturalized and occasional in thickets".
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (pp. 321-322)
In the settled areas, commonly cultivated and semicultivated, in some regions naturalized.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 104)
"Potential invader".
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
St. John, H. (1987) (p. 36)
Voucher cited: Ross 35
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Paulay, Gustav/Spencer, T./Oliver, Royce (1989) (p. 13)
Voucher cited: Paulay, Spencer & Schuster 664 (US)
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 11032 (PAP)
Naturalisée
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1991) (voucher ID: PTBG 16565)
Taxon name on voucher: Lablab purpureus
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1972) (voucher ID: BISH 83891)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka and Foa Islands introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 73)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Tofua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 651842)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Tofua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 1000820)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (pp. 150-151)
"Occasional throughout Tonga".
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 60)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 53)
Voucher: Flynn 6826 (PTBG, US)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 30)
Voucher cited: Setchell & Parks 15532
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (pp. 150-151)
Voucher cited: Hürlimann 115
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1926) (voucher ID: BISH 155384)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 250)
Taxon name on voucher: Lablab purpureus
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 67)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (pp. 150-151)
Vouchers cited: Yuncker 16019, Yuncker 16025
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Burkill, I. H. (1900) (p. 35)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 145410)
Taxon name on voucher: Dolichos lablab L.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 148)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
West Papua Province (Indonesia) (western New Guinea Island) (formerly Irian Jaya) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 184)
As Dolichos lablab L.
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (p. 117)
Comoros
Comoro Islands
Comoro Islands native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Maldive Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Malè Atoll   Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 21)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 36894 (US)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Agalega Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Stoddart, D. R. (1983) (p. 124)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)

Comments:  Probably an aboriginal introduction to Polynesia (Whistler, 1988; p. 25). Reported to be invasive on Pitcairn Island (Meyer, 2000; p. 104).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 17 MAY 2013.