Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Kyllinga nemoralis
(J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel, Cyperaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Cyperus kyllingia Endl.; Kyllinga monocephala Rottb.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chamorro: botoncillo, chaguan lemae, chaguan lemai, chaguan ni, manonogcha lemai

Chinese: dan sui shui wu gong

English: nut grass, white kyllinga, white water sedge, white-flowered kyllinga, whitehead spikesedge

Fijian: pako

Hawaiian: kili‘o‘opu, mau‘u mokae

Mangarevan: mutie iwa

Maori (Cook Islands): matie karanga, mauku ‘ōniāni, neke ‘enua, neke ‘enua, tama ‘enua

Other: te mouku

Pohnpeian: limeiseri, lingkarak tikitik, rehlingkarak

Pukapukan: vayavaya

Samoan: mo‘u upo‘o, mo‘u upo‘o, mutia, ta‘ata‘a vili taliga, tuise, tuise

Tahitian: matie Tahiti, matie upo‘o, mo‘u upoo, mo‘u upo‘o, mo‘u upo‘o no‘ano‘a, mo‘u upo‘o uo‘uo, mo‘u upo‘onui, pakopako, pakopako ‘ae kuma

Tongan: pakopako, tuise

Habit:  sedge

Description:  "Perennial creeping sedge spreading by means of a long-creeping rhizome.  Culms tufted or spaced, erect, up to 55 cm in height, 3-angled.  Leaves many, usually shorter than the culm, linear, 1.5-3 mm wide, leaf sheath brown to purple-brown.  Inflorescence a globose terminal head 5-10 mm in diameter, sometimes with 2 or 3 smaller fused lateral ones, subtended by 3 or 4 unequal, spreading, leafy bracts up to 20 cm long.  Spikelets ovate to lanceolate, white, 2.5-3 mm long, 1-flowered.  Glumes usually 5, upper ones longest, boat-shaped, white varigated with brown, with a green keel.  Stamens 3.  Ovary superior, stigmas 2.  Fruit an oblong to suborbicular, lens-shaped achene 1.2-1.5 mm long, brown" (Whistler, 1995; p. 149).

Habitat/ecology:  "A major weed of improved pastures, but also occurs in crops, gardens, plantations and roadsides.  It grows best in moist fertile soil that is seldom cultivated and in full sunshine"  (Swarbrick, 1997; ). Moist disturbed areas up to 850 m elevation.  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized primarily in gardens and lawns, from sea level up to at least 200 m"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1413).  In Fiji, "a naturalized adventive occurring from near sea level to 850 m and often locally common"  (Smith, 1979; pp. 262-263).

Propagation:  Rhizomes, seed [?]

Native range:  Old world tropics, Australia (Queensland) and some Pacific islands; naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 46)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990)
Vouchers cited: Harris 318, Whistler 1370, Whistler 3333
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 26)
Voucher cited: W. Harris 318 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 110414)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 110415)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1939) (voucher ID: BISH 110416)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
American Samoa
Swain's Island
Swain's Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1983) (p. 17)
Vouchers cited: Whistler 3368, Bryan 951
American Samoa
Swain's Island
Swain's Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 430381)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 36)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Setchell, William Albert (1924) (p. 110)
As Kyllingia monocephala Rottb.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1959) (voucher ID: BISH 110418)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 110419)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1920) (voucher ID: BISH 110420)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 110422)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1921) (voucher ID: BISH 110423)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 110424)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1993) (voucher ID: PTBG 27466)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 16)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 2315 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Aguijan (Agiguan, Aguihan) Island native
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 13)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 16)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 1902 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 65)
Voucher cited: CBM-BS-58850
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 16)
Vouchers cited: Falanruw 1691 (US), Falanruw 1994 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 667803)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island native
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 13)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 588185)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island introduced
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 65)
Voucher cited: CBM-BS-58913
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 38760)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1930) (voucher ID: BISH 110578)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 572589)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Penrhyn (Tongareva) Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Penrhyn (Tongareva) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1965) (voucher ID: PTBG 41617)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Rakahanga Atoll   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 75)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1960) (voucher ID: BISH 10198)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1969) (voucher ID: PTBG 41616)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 81)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 87)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 92)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1985) (voucher ID: PTBG 41615)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 98)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 68)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 415790)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 420139)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 699291)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 561263)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island probably native
Josekutty, P. C./Wakuk, E. E./Joseph, M. J. (2002) (p. 63)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2005) (p. 15)
Vouchers cited: Lorence 9406 (PTBG), Flynn 7200 (PTBG)
Uncommon
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 38919)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 39563)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 429462)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1997) (voucher ID: BISH 653527)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 24593)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2005) (voucher ID: PTBG 44920)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllinga
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Glassman, S. F. (1952) (pp. 121-122)
Vouchers cited: Glassman 2582 (US), Kanehira 733 (NY)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 41)
Vouchers cited: A. Dores 91 (NY, BISH, PTBG), A. Dores 196 (NY, PTBG), F.R. Fosberg 58575 (BISH), R. Gallen 69 (NY, PTBG), S.F. Glassman 2582 (BISH), P. Raynor 122 (NY, PTBG)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 110571)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 438252)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ifalik (Ifaluk) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 588142)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 262-263)
Voucher cited: DA 9075
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 262-263)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones 878
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 420119)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rotuma Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 619088)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 262-263)
Vouchers cited: Smith 8122, DA 8906
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 110465)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 262-263)
Vouchers cited: DA 8756, Greenwood 35A, DA 19787, DA 8863
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1957) (voucher ID: BISH 34159)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 262-263)
Vouchers cited: DA 10891, Gillespie 4232, DA 8631, DA 7316, DA 8405, DA 8060, DA 7741, Seemann 670, St. John 18919
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1962) (voucher ID: BISH 34158)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1940) (voucher ID: BISH 110462)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 110463)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1945) (voucher ID: BISH 110464)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Akamaru Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Akamaru Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: St. John 14723 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: St. John 14536 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J.-C. Thibault 1051 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7408 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 545511)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 1000647)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: M.-H. Sachet 1316 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4239 (PAP), s. nom coll. s.n. (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 555138)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 41414)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllinga
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 39585)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllinga
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 318)
Voucher cited: Krauss 1652
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence & R. Tahuaitu 11642 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 607237)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1979) (voucher ID: BISH 619011)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 643300)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 17)
Voucher cited: Raynal 17819; seen by Fosberg in 1985.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mehetia (Mahetia, Meetia) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 318)
Voucher cited: St. John 14229
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 318)
Voucher cited: H.M. Smith 80
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 2210 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1967) (voucher ID: BISH 110310)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 318)
Vouchers cited: BRY 25415, BRY 26083
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 37)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 318)
Voucher cited: Brown & Brown 252
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tetiaroa Atoll introduced
invasive
Sachet, M.-H./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 37)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 54607 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tupai Island introduced
invasive
Sachet, M.-H. (1983) (p. 14)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 3004 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 491106)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10105 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Rangiroa (Rairoa) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: M.-H. Sachet 1395 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Raro‘ia Atoll   Doty, Maxwell S. (1954) (p. 26)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Takapoto Atoll introduced
invasive
Sachet, M-H. (1983) (p. 15)
Voucher cited: Sachet 2015 (US)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tikehau (Tikahau) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7115 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 5726 (PAP), J. Florence & W.R. Sykes 11178 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 553660)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 643399)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: A. Varney 15 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6011 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 110321)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 543339)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 170)
Vouchers cited: Stone 4306 (GUAM), MacGregor 440, Necker 343, Nelson 276, Chamisso 167, Safford & Seale 1070, Conover 592
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1957) (voucher ID: BISH 38759)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1962) (voucher ID: BISH 110569)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 110572)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1911) (voucher ID: BISH 110577)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1945) (voucher ID: BISH 110579)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 588186)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2003) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H40119 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2003) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H70116 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1413)
Voucher cited: Caum s. n. (BISH)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Flint Island introduced
invasive
St. John, Harold/Fosberg, F. Raymond (1937) (p. 4)
Voucher cited: St. John & Fosberg 17456 (BISH)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Teraina (Washington) Island introduced
invasive
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 18)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Teraina (Washington) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 603061)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Butaritari Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Butaritari Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1972) (voucher ID: BISH 401413)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Butaritari Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1972) (voucher ID: BISH 402277)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ebon (Epoon) Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ebon (Epoon) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 424155)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1962) (p. 7)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 26697 (US), Fosberg 41400 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1960) (voucher ID: BISH 38833)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 38872)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 571520)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll   Anderson, Donald (1951) (p. ii)
Voucher cited: Anderson 3666
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 110570)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 39)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 606427)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
invasive
Healy, A. J./Edgar, E. (1980) (p. 188)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1977) (p. 159)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R./West, C. J. (1996) (p. 456)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 227)
Vouchers cited: CHR 150602, CHR 150603
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 43)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 25)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9911 (BISH)
"A common weed along roadsides and in waste areas".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 50)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Raulerson, L./Rinehart, A. F./Falanruw, M. C. (1996) (p. 16)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1966) (voucher ID: BNM 101)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 66)
As Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 94)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1968) (voucher ID: BISH 588188)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1968) (voucher ID: BNM 102)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago   Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 56)
Papua New Guinea
Bougainville Islands
Bougainville Island   Foreman, D. B. (1971) (p. 24)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (pp. 115-116)
Common in waste places, open grasslands, etc., at low and medium altitudes.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10806 (PAP)
Adventice
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 641925)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 70)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 67)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1904) (voucher ID: BISH 110417)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 110421)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 416359)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Anuta Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 699290)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Guadalcanal Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 646946)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Rennell (Mu Nggava) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1933) (voucher ID: BISH 110506)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 84)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka and Foa Islands introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 73)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Tofua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 1000870)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 70)
"Very common throughout Tonga".
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 60)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 70)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15389
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 110426)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 86)
Vouchers cited: Moseley s.n., Soakai 197, Soakai 628
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 70)
Vouchers cited: Yuncker 15080, Yuncker 15134
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 110429)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Tafahi Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 70)
Voucher cited: Hürlmann 532
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 67)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 86)
Vouchers cited: Crosby 179, Soakai 1059
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 70)
Cited: Crosby.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Ambrym Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 647143)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Êfaté (Efete) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 411222)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Êfaté (Efete) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 424763)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Êfaté (Efete) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 522193)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Espirito Santo Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 406115)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Tanna Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 406123)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Tanna Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 424750)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus kyllingia Endl.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 25)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 43)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Under shrubs or forests, meadows, swamps in valleys, mountain slopes, wet places along trails, field margins, river margins, ditch margins; 100-1400 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 317)
As Kyllinga monocephala Rottb. In wasteland.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Negara Brunei Darussalam
Brunei
Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Healy, A. J./Edgar, E. (1980) (p. 188)
Voucher cited: W. R. Sykes (CHR 173292)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) uncertain if introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 53)
Weed of uncertain origin
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Under shrubs or forests, meadows, swamps in valleys, mountain slopes, wet places along trails, field margins, river margins, ditch margins; 100-1400 m.
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
invasive
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (p. 117)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island   Stoddart, D. R./Taylor, J. D., eds. (1971) (p. 146)
Voucher cited: Willis & Gardiner 35 (K)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 24)
Comoros
Comoro Islands
Comoro Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Andaman Islands
Andaman Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Nicobar Islands
Nicobar Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Alphonse Island   Robertson, I. A. D./Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 180)
Voucher cited: Robertson 2886 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Coetivy Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 148)
Voucher cited: Robertson 3107 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Cousin Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 21)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 52061 (US)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Frégate Island   Robertson, S. A./Todd, D. M. (1983) (p. 49)
Voucher cited: Robertson 2699
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Platte Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 160)
Voucher cited: Robertson 2999 (K)

Comments:  A problem on Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) (Swarbrick, 1997; p. 117).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 17 MAY 2013.