Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Kyllinga brevifolia
Rottb., Cyperaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Endl. ex Hassk.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: duan ye shui wu gong

Chuukese: nikémméwúr, pwukaringah

English: green kyllinga, green water sedge, Mullumbimby couch, perennial greenhead sedge, short kyllinga, short leaved kyllinga, shortleaf spikesedge

Hawaiian: kaluhā, kili‘o‘opu, manunēnē, mau‘u mokae

Japanese: aida-kugu, himekugu

Mangarevan: mutie iwa

Maori (Cook Islands): mauku ‘ōniāni, tumu ‘enua

Palauan: deus, esechesiding

Samoan: tuisē, tuisē, tuse

Satawalese: fithin nar

Spanish: fosforito, juncia corta

Tahitian: mo‘u upo‘lo

Tongan: pakopako

Yapese: bwogorewau, nikamoyr

Habit:  sedge

Description:  "Perennials with slender rhizomes; culms tufted or closely to widely spaced in a single row along the rhizome, slender, 7-30 cm tall.  Leaves few, basal or nearly so, blades herbaceous, linear, shorter than or occasionally as long as the culm, 2-3 mm wide; sheaths brown or purplish brown, membranous.  Inflorescence a single terminal spike or sometimes 2-3 together, these pale green, more or less becoming yellowish green at maturity, globose or broadly ovoid-globose, 5-10 mm long and as wide; involucral bracts 3, leaf-like, unequal in length; spikelets oblong-lanceolate, compressed, 3-3.5 mm long, ca. 1 mm wide, jointed at base; glumes 4, pale green, membranous, the first one elliptic-lanceolate, the second ovate, and the third and fourth boat-shaped, folded, the keel acute, sometimes with resinous spots, 7-nerved including midnerve, the keel sparsely spinulose toward apex, apex mucronate, the mucro straight or slightly recurved.  Achenes brown, obovate, lenticular, ca. 1.5 mm long, puncticulate"  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1411-1413).

Habitat/ecology:  "In wet soil of both open and shady habitats, and in wet sand near the shore" (Wiggins & Porter, 1971; p. 800). "Common to abundant in lawns, pastures, and other wet, sunny, disturbed places. It is one of the most common pasture weeds in Samoa" (Whistler, 1983; p. 78).

In Hawai‘i "naturalized in disturbed areas such as gardens and lawns, roadsides, pastures and along trails in mesic to wet forest, 20-1,220 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1411-1413).  In Fiji, "naturalized and often locally common from near sea level to 1,100 m in wet open places, swampy pastures, and cane fields, on rocks along streams in dense forest, river banks, hillsides and cleared mountain ridges, and along roadsides" (Smith, 1979; pp. 261-262). In Papua New Guinea "A plant of wet land, often seen in plantations and pasture.."  (Henty & Pritchard, 1975; p. 29). In Tonga, "occasional in plantations and grassy areas" (Yuncker, 1959; p. 68). In New Zealand, "Rhizomatous, grassy, turf-forming, it sometimes forms dense extensive swards on damp flats, as in parts of North Auckland and the Bay of Plenty. At times it invades poorer pasture on damp soils, is grazed by both sheep and cattle, and is tolerant of trampling. It occurs in some lawns in the Westport district, gradually replacing the sown sward" (Healey & Edgar, 1980; p. 184).

Propagation:  Seed, rhizomes (Whistler, 1983; p. 78).

Native range:  Pantropical weed; in Asia extending northward to the warm temperate regions of China and northern Honshu, Japan (Smith, 1979; pp. 261-262).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990)
Vouchers cited: Harris 91, Yuncker 9186, Yuncker 9276, Whistler 1385
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 25)
Vouchers cited: Yuncker 9276 (BISH), Yuncker 9186 (BISH), W. Harris 91 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1939) (voucher ID: BISH 110354)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1991) (voucher ID: PTBG 11514)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia
American Samoa
Swain's Island
Swain's Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1983) (p. 16)
Voucher cited: Whistler 3414
American Samoa
Swain's Island
Swain's Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 430388)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1939) (voucher ID: BISH 110355)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1975) (voucher ID: BISH 430373)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island introduced
Pickard, J. (1984) (p. 204)
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 22)
"In wet grassy areas, often forming a turf". Vouchers cited: A.C. Beauglehole 5479 (CANB, MEL), A.C. Beauglehole 5480 (CANB, MEL), R.D. Hoogland 8744 (CANB)
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Norfolk Islands
Norfolk Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 11)
"In wet grassy areas, often forming a turf". Vouchers cited: N. Gillett D7 (Herb. Gillett), P.S. Green 1365 (A), R.M. Laing (CHR)
Chile (offshore islands)
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua) native
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2008) (p. 28)
Chile (offshore islands)
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua) native
Skottsberg, Carl (1953) (p. 69)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 15)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 2179 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 667790)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 667793)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island native
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 13)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 635215)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 1000055)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 572587)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Pukapuka Atoll   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Rakahanga Atoll   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1985) (voucher ID: PTBG 41614)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 68)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 420142)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1982) (voucher ID: PTBG 41613)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Galápagos Islands
Galápagos Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Chuuk Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 110516)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Losap Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Murilo (Mwiriné) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namonuito (Namonweito, Nómwun Wiité) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Nomwin (Nómwiin) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll native
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 36)
Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 137 (GUAM).
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Satawan Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1935) (voucher ID: BISH 39557)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 561278)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island native
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Waguk, Erick E. (2000) (p. Voucher specimen)
Voucher: Waterhouse 5775 (BISH, GUAM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island native
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 7)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Kapingamarangi Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Glassman, S. F. (1952) (p. 120)
Voucher cited: Glassman 2419 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island native
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 41)
Vouchers cited: D. Anderson 833 (BISH), F.R. Fosberg 58532 (BISH), S.F. Glassman 2419 (BISH), S.F. Glassman 2582a (BISH), L. Stemmermann 2925 (BISH)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 110512)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 110513)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 429463)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 438311)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2006) (voucher ID: PTBG 47018)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Faraulep (Faraulap) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Faraulep (Faraulap) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 588191)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ifalik (Ifaluk) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ifalik (Ifaluk) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1948) (voucher ID: BISH 110511)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ifalik (Ifaluk) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 588192)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Lamotrek Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R. (1969) (p. 4)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 38920)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 588189)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 588190)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fiji Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1928) (voucher ID: BISH 110454)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rotuma Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 619089)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 261-262)
Voucher cited: Seemann 671
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 261-262)
Voucher cited: W.L. Parham s. n.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 261-262)
Vouchers cited: DA 10891, Greenwood 35, Greenwood 134, Greenwood 425, DA 2431a, Smith 9628, DA 10542, DA 7866, DA 245, Greenwood 1131, Smith 7128, DA 10621, Milne 15, Graeffe s. n.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1956) (voucher ID: BISH 34162)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 110451)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 110452)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1927) (voucher ID: BISH 110453)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
French Polynesia
French Polynesia Islands
French Polynesia Islands   Waterhouse, D. F. (1997) (p. 62)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Akamaru Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Akamaru Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: St. John 14690 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 11087 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 9340 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 1000646)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1988) (voucher ID: PTBG 8781)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 6929 (PAP), B. Toutain 4274 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 542911)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2004) (voucher ID: PTBG 44722)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 36)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence & R. Tahuaitu 11763 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 648833)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 36)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 318)
Vouchers cited: BRY 26033, Grant 4182, MacDaniels 1506, Fosberg 62944
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5063 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tupai Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 318)
Vouchers cited: Grant 4830, Brown 1928:101
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tupai Island introduced
invasive
Sachet, M.-H. (1983) (p. 14)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10118 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 633906)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 5776 (PAP), J. Florence & W.R. Sykes 11243 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 550746)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 644161)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6371 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 493228)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 5545 (PAP), J. Florence 5937 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 553156)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1981) (voucher ID: BISH 581532)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 170)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 110514)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 589092)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1411-1413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1411-1413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1411-1413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1411-1413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1411-1413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1411-1413)
Voucher cited: Mann & Brigham 23 (BISH)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Var. brevifolius and subsp. leiolepis (Franch. et Sav.) T. Koyama
Kiribati
Line Islands
Caroline Atoll introduced
Kepler, Angela K./Kepler, Cameron B. (1994) (p. 36)
"One clump by cistern, South Isl., on recnetly disturbed ground".
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Nonouti Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kili (Kõle) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2006) (p. 3)
"Uncommon; patches in grassy areas, many without visible flowers during visit".
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2007) (p. 2)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 39)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Mili (Mile) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2010) (p. A5)
Uncommon; in moist area and lawn at house to northwest of runway on Mili. Voucher 0720201005 (BISH, GUAM, PTBG)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 93)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Kermadec Islands introduced
invasive
Healy, A. J./Edgar, E. (1980) (p. 184)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Macauley Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1977) (p. 159)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1977) (p. 159)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
Sykes, W. R./West, C. J. (1996) (p. 456)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 226)
One location. Voucher cited: CHR 150604
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 43)
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 624193)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 1001410)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 85)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 21)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 65)
Papua New Guinea
Bougainville Islands
Bougainville Island   Foreman, D. B. (1971) (p. 24)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) invasive
Henty, E. E./Pritchard, G. H. (1975) (p. 29)
In New Guinea from low altitudes to 3000 m, as a weed most troublesome from about 700 to 2000 m.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (pp. 114-115)
In open grasslands, waste places, etc., at low and medium altitudes; common.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
St. John, H. (1987) (p. 24)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg & B. Christian 11234, J.P. Chapin 938
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10769 (PAP)
Adventice
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1931) (voucher ID: BISH 110356)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 67)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 110352)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1921) (voucher ID: BISH 110353)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Gizo Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1974) (voucher ID: BISH 403520)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Ontong Java Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 601997)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 93)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 84)
Tokelau
Tokelau Islands
Tokelau Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 93)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Kotu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 640407)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 85)
Voucher cited: Parks 16245
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1926) (voucher ID: BISH 110357)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 85)
Voucher cited: Soakai 101
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 68)
Voucher cited: Hürlmann 4
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 1001957)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Palmyra Atoll
Palmyra Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 573545)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Êfaté (Efete) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 406131)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Malakula (Malekula) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 406118)
Taxon name on voucher: Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. [may be '(Rottb.) Hassk.']
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Tanna Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 415802)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of)   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 93)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 25)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 43)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Australia, Western Australia
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Queensland Herbarium (2002) (p. 3)
As Cyperus brevifolius
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of)   Holm, Leroy/Doll, Jerry/Holm, Eric/Pancho, Jaun/Herberger, James (1997) (p. 270)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Under shrubs or forests, grasslands, swamps, meadows, mountain slopes, valleys, wet places along trails, ditch margins, shallow water, river margins, wet places at seashores, paddy field margins; near sea level to 2800 m. Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xisha Qundao, S and SE Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 317)
In thickets on hillslopes, in wet places.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
North Korea
North Korea
North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States)   Holm, Leroy/Doll, Jerry/Holm, Eric/Pancho, Jaun/Herberger, James (1997) (p. 270)
Negara Brunei Darussalam
Brunei
Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Healy, A. J./Edgar, E. (1980) (p. 184)
Voucher cited: W. T. Ball (AK 98043)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) uncertain if introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 53)
Weed of uncertain origin
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Under shrubs or forests, grasslands, swamps, meadows, mountain slopes, valleys, wet places along trails, ditch margins, shallow water, river margins, wet places at seashores, paddy field margins; near sea level to 2800 m.
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 24)
Comoros
Comoro Islands
Comoro Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Coetivy Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 148)
Voucher cited: Robertson 3106 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Poivre Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 169)
Voucher cited: Robertson 2372 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Moderately invasive in Hawai‘i per Meyer (2000; p. 96).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 21 JUN 2010.