Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Khaya senegalensis
(Desrousseaux) Adr. Jussieu, Meliaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Low risk, score: 0 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Swietenia senegalensis Desv.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: fei zhou lian

English: African mahogany, bisselon, dry zone mahogany, Gambian mahogany, Senegal mahogany

French: cailcedrat

Habit:  tree

Description:  "A tree with shining foliage, up to 100 ft. high, with wide dense crown and thick stem; sepals pale green; petals and staminal tube cream, the latter suffused pink below; stigma yellow.  Flowers normally 4-merous; ovary tapering into a slender style; fruit normally 4-valved, 4-6 cm in diameter; leaflets usually drying pale glaucous green, 3-4 (-7) pairs, oblong or oblong-elliptic, more than twice as long as broad, rounded or obtuse or shortly acuminate at apex, 6-12 cm long, 2-5 cm broad, with 8-16 main lateral nerves on each side of midrib" (Hutchinson & Dalziel, 1958; pp. 698-699).

"Cultivated timber tree to 30 m with odd-pinnate leaves to 25 cm long, the leaflets oblong-elliptic to 10 cm long, loose sprays of white flowers and 4-valved woody capsules with winged seeds" (Robertson, 1989; p. 37).

Habitat/ecology:  Widely grown as a street and timber tree. Has the potential to colonize disturbed tropical rainforests (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 114).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical Africa (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 573)
Voucher cited: DA 16425
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6918 (PAP)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 101)
Vouchers cited: Baumann 9947, MacKee 12092, MacKee 23285, MacKee 36232
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 114)
Western Australia
Naturalized
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 198)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 52)
Cultivated only
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)

Comments:  Reported to be naturalizing in the area of Kimberley, Western Australia (Csurhes and Edwards, 1998; p. 114).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 17 MAY 2013.