Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Kalanchoe daigremontiana
Raym.-Hamet & H. Perrier, Crassulaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Bryophyllum daigremontianum (Raym.-Hamet & H. Perrier) A. Berger

Common name(s): [more details]

English: devil's backbone, Mexican hat plant, mother of millions

Spanish: dulcamara, siempreviva

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Perennial, glabrous, succulent herb. Stem 30-150 cm high, branched, erect, stout. Leaves simple, opposite, succulent, oblong-lanceolate, serrate, obtuse, 15-28 x 2-5 cm, purple blotched beneath, petiole 2-5 cm long. Inflorescence compound cyme. Flowers pendulous, large, bisexual, 4-merous, pedicel 4-6 mm long. Calyx gamosepalous, lobes glabrous, acute, 4-7 x 2-4 mm. Corolla tubular, 18-23 x 3-4 mm, glabrous, purple, lobes obovate, round at the apex. Filaments inserted at the middle of corolla-tube. Carpels 4, styles smaller than the ovary, numerous ovules per locule. Nectar scales oblong, 1.5-2 x 0.3-1 mm. Follicles, 7-10 x 2-4 mm. Seed 0.6-1 x 0.2-0.3 mm, oblong with longitudinal striae" (Flora of Pakistan).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "locally naturalized on Kauai where it occurs on cliffs in dry Leucaena secondary vegetation with other naturalized succulents" (Lorence et al., 1995; p. 33).

Propagation:  Primarily vegetatively, from plantlets.

Native range:  Madagascar; also cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fiji Islands introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 36)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Parker, James L./Parsons, Bobby (2010) (p. 41)
Voucher cited: J. Parker & R. McGuire BIED2 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy W./Wagner, Warren L. (1995) (p. 33)
Voucher cited: D. Lorence & T. Flynn 7431 (PTBG)
Naturalized
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L./Bartlett, Randal T. (2002) (p. 6)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H109919 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2006) (p. 34)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Starr, Starr & Wysong 040331-3 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Staples, George W./Imada, Clyde T./Herbst, Derral R. (2002) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: C. Annable & D. Atha 3119 (BISH)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 86)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 43)
Vouchers cited: MacKee 22511, MacKee 41701
Spontané
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (pp. 74-75)
One cultivated plant. Voucher cited: CHR 168853
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Queensland Herbarium (2002) (p. 2)
Bryophyllum daigremontianum x Bryophyllum delagoense (hybrid mother-of-millions).
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 123)
Ornamental.
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 569)


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This page was created on 9 AUG 2004 and was last updated on 17 MAY 2013.