Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Justicia pectoralis
N. Jacquin, Acanthaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 8 (Go to the risk assessment).

Common name(s): [more details]

English: death-angel, freshcut

Spanish: curia

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Ascending or decumbent herbs to 1.5 m tall, slender, branching, often rooting at the lowest nodes, the branches bifariously pubescent; leaves on petioles 2-12 mm long, the blades narrowly lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, mostly 5-12 cm long, narrowly long-acuminate, acute or obtuse at the base, glabrous or nearly so; inflorescences terminal and axillary, the lax panicles composed of a few opposite or alternate spikes 3-12 cm long, the flowers distant; bracts and bracteoles subulate, 0.5-1 mm long; calyx lobes 5, narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, 2-2.5 mm long, glandular-pubescent; corolla pale purple or white with purple, 7-9 mm long, the lips almost as long as the tube; stamens included, thecae muticous at base, 0.5-1 mm long, divergent, one smaller; pollen 2-porate, rectangular, with apparently one row of few, rather large insulae on either side of each aperture; capsule slender-clavate, 5-6 mm long, puberulent"  (Standley et al., 1974; pp. 396-397).

Habitat/ecology:  In Guatemala (native), "Damp or wet thickets, often along streams, sea level to 1,100 m"  (Standley et al., 1974; pp. 396-397).

Propagation:  Seed, rooting from nodes (Standley et al., 1974; pp. 396-397).

Native range:  Mexico to South America, Caribbean islands (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
Standley, Paul C./Williams, Louis O./Gibson, Dorothy Nash (1974) (pp. 396-397)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 2 MAR 2012 and was last updated on 9 MAR 2012.