Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Justicia carnea
Lindley, Acanthaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 12 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Jacobinia carnea (Lindl.) G. Nicholson; Jacobinia magnifica (Nees) Voss; Jacobinia velutina (Nees) Voss; Justicia magnifica Pohl ex Nees, nom. inval.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Brazilian plume, flamingo flower, jacobinia, king's-crown, pink jacobinia, pink plume-flower, plumeflower

Spanish: cola de pavo real, vara de la justicia

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Shrub 1-2 m tall, stems squarish and tending to be grooved, thinly to moderately tomentose, young growth tomentose; leaves large, to 30 x 10 cm or even longer, ovate, strongly but gradually acuminate, base obtuse, then abruptly decurrent for some distance on petiole, under surface thinly puberulent, especially on nerves, much less so on upper surface, petioles 3-10 cm long, usually wide-spreading; spikes terminal, very showy, up to 12 (-15) cm long, to 9 cm wide, in very luxuriant specimens tending to be inconspicuously paniculate, bracts overlapping foliaceous, to 3 x 1.5 cm, smaller upward, lower ones tending to be acuminate, upper rounded at apex, tomentulose on nerves, bracteoles linear, ciliate, 1-2 cm long; calyx divided almost to base, lobes 5, linear-lanceolate, somewhat unequal, up to 9 mm long, ciliate towards the acute apex; corolla pink to rose-purple, about 6 cm long, straight or slender, slightly ampliate upward, upper lip erect, curved over the anthers at tip, apex only minutely notched or not at all, lower lip reflexed to almost a right-angle, clawed, claw about 6-7 mm, limb expanded, oblong-obovate and deeply trilobed and recurved, the whole corolla thinly glandular-pilose; stamens not quite equaling corolla, filaments strongly curved at summit, anthers broadly oblong, somewhat curved, about 2-5 mm long, dark purple, cells slightly offset, style tip slightly exerted from upper lobe, stigma only very slightly enlarged; capsule not seen" (Fosberg et al., 1993; pp. 33-34).

Habitat/ecology:  "Moist, well-drained soils in sunny or partially shaded places are preferred" (Whistler, 2000; p. 292).

Propagation:  Cuttings, which root readily (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 87).

Native range:  Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay; cultivated and naturalized in the tropics (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 487, 533, 554)
As Justicia magnifica Pohl. "Este arbusto decorativo se encuentra solamente en algunos jardines del pueblo de San Juan Bautista donde se desarrolla bien sin mostrar por lo tanto una tendencia a multiplicarse".
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 89)
"Potential invader", lowlands. Adventive per Bill Sykes.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Lavergne, Christophe (2004) (p. 337)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1930) (voucher ID: BISH 127617)
Taxon name on voucher: Justicia carnea Lindley
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Observed in survey, herbarium record pending.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fiji Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1927) (voucher ID: BISH 17341)
Taxon name on voucher: Justicia carnea Lindley
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
As Jacobinia carnea (J. Lindley) G. Nicholson
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1955) (voucher ID: BISH 127616)
Taxon name on voucher: Justicia carnea Lindley
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
As Jacobinia carnea (J. Lindley) G. Nicholson
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
As Jacobinia carnea (J. Lindley) G. Nicholson. Voucher cited: J. Florence & W.R. Sykes 11126 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 643729)
Taxon name on voucher: Justicia carnea Lindley
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 141)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Parker, James L./Parsons, Bobby (2012) (p. 65)
Voucher cited: J. Parker & R. Parsons BIED143 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2004) (p. 9)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H110210 (BISH, PTBG)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 8-9)
Vouchers cited: Baudouin 311, de Pompéry s.n., MacKee 21968
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 253)
Ornamental.
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 52)
Cultivated only
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Lavergne, Christophe (2004) (pp. 345, 348)


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 16 MAY 2013.