Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Ipomoea hederifolia
L., Convolvulaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Ipomoea angulata Lam.; Ipomoea luteola Jacq.; Quamoclit hederifolia (L.) G. Don

Common name(s): [more details]

English: ivy-leaf morning glory, scarlet-creeper, star ipomoea, trompillo

French: liseron hallier, liseron rouge

Spanish: trompetica roja, trompillo

Tongan: fue kula

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Annual vines; stems slender and herbaceous, glabrous to sparsely pubescent.  Leaf blades ovate to suborbicular, 3 (-7)-lobed, 2-15 cm long, glabrous or very sparsely pubescent, margins entire or dentate, apex acute to acuminate, base cordate.  Flowers few to several in cymes or colitary, pedicels 5-7 mm long or sometimes longer; sepals oblong to elliptic, 1.5-3 mm long, glabrous, apex obtuse or truncate, outer 2 sepals with a subterminal bristle 1.6-6 mm long, corolla red to reddish yellow, often yellow in the throat, salverform, 2.5-4.5 cm long, the tube 0.1-0.2 cm in diameter, the lib 1.8-2.5 cm in diameter.  Capsules subglobose, 0.6-0.8 cm long.  Seeds dark brown or black, pyriform, dorsal surface with usually 2 lines of short dark hairs"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 556).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in disturbed sites" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 556).  In Fiji, "occurring as a roadside weed and in canefields, sometimes cultivated" (Smith, 1991; pp. 57-58).  "Occasional in disturbed places in Tonga" (Whistler, 1988; p. 14). In New Guinea, "a weed of roadsides, gardens, young plantations, formerly often cultivated as an ornamental. Well established in a few lowland areas (to 700 m), mostly with seasonal rainfall" (Henty & Pritchard, 1975; p. 90). In Tonga, "common in roadside thickets and waste areas" (Yuncker, 1959; pp. 226-227). In New Caledonia, "très dispersé en fourrés secondaires mais rarement abondant" (MacKee, 1994; p. 41). "Cette plante est souvent cultivée comme plante ornementale et ± naturalisée. Elle se rencontre, dans notre territoire, en bordure de chemins, dans les fourrés secondaires sur alluvions, sur les berges de rivière, sur terratin schisteux et humide" (Heine, 1984; pp. 72, 74).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  The Americas (Smith, 1991; pp. 57-58); widely cultivated and naturalized (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 57)
?
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 223)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 223)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 39112)
Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea hederifolia L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 57-58)
Voucher cited: DA 11784
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 57-58)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 249, DA 10337, DA 11392, DA 10437, Tabualewa 15615, DA 3005, Bryan 202
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1956) (voucher ID: BISH 33895)
Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea hederifolia L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 148402)
Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea hederifolia L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1941) (voucher ID: BISH 148403)
Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea hederifolia L.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 556)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
Wester, Lyndon (1992) (p. 135)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
invasive
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 118)
Vouchers cited: Thaman & Manner 149 (SUVA), Thaman & Manner 22307 (SUVA)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Lifou introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 41)
Vouchers cited: Sarasin 775, MacKee 5254
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Îles Ouvéa (Ouvea Atoll) introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 41)
Voucher cited: Däniker 2132
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Tiga introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 41)
Voucher cited: MacKee 45846
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Walpole introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 41)
Voucher cited: Cherrier in MacKee 44074
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
invasive
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 380)
Très dispersée en fourrés secondaires mais rarement abondante.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 41)
Vouchers cited: de Pompéry s.n., Cribs 612, MacKee 4846, MacKee 16816, Botton s.n. (NOU), MacKee 31958, Hoff 2264 (NOU)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île des Pins (Isle of Pines) introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 41)
Voucher cited: Hoff 2264 (NOU)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 12-13, 85)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island eradicated
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 9)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago introduced
invasive
cultivated
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 463)
Ornamental garden plant, sometimes wild.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) invasive
Henty, E. E./Pritchard, G. H. (1975) (p. 90)
Well-established in a few lowland areas (to 700 m), mostly with seasonal rainfall.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘ano Island   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 14)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘ano Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (pp. 72, field notes.)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 148396)
Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea hederifolia L.
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 227)
"Common throughout Tonga".
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 14)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 60)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 227)
Cited: Lister.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 14)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (pp. 53, field notes.)
Voucher: Flynn 6834 (PTBG, US, NY)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 227)
Cited: Moseley.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 41217)
Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea hederifolia L.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1926) (voucher ID: BISH 148387)
Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea hederifolia L.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 696879)
Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea hederifolia L.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 249)
Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea hederifolia
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 14)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (pp. 66, field notes.)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 227)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 16022
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 148388)
Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea hederifolia L.
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
invasive
Morat, Ph./Veillon, J.-M. (1985)
Morat & Veillon, 1985, cited in Meyer, 2007
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 14)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
cultivated
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Cultivated as an ornamental; possibly not fully naturalized.
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Smith, Nicholas M. (2002) (p. 48)
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 187)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
invasive
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (p. 116)
French Territory of Mayotte
Mayotte Islands
Mayotte Island introduced
invasive
Comité français de l'Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature en France (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi,Texas
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Invasive in Cairns, the Torres Straight islands and Cape York Peninsula, Australia, forming dense infestations along forest margins and climbing to at least 10 m into trees (Barbara Waterhouse, pers. com.).


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This page was created on 4 AUG 2002 and was last updated on 13 MAY 2013.