Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Indigofera spicata
Forssk., Fabaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  More information needed, score: 6 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: creeping indigo

Habit:  herb

Description:  See Indigofera hendecaphylla.

"Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacq. and Indigofera spicata Forssk. used to be considered as the same species and were then named Indigofera spicata.  They are now considered to be different species.  The literature is therefore confusing.  In Indigofera hendecaphylla the staminal tube is 4-5 mm long, distinctly larger than the calyx, the apex of the keel rounded to obtuse, the leaves have 9-11, narrowly oblong-elliptical to narrowly oblanceolate leaflets.  In Indigofera spicata the staminal tube is 3.0-3.5 mm long, not exceeding the calyx, the keel apex acute, while the leaves have 5-8 obovate leaflets with a cuneate base"   (Hanum &Van der Maesen, 1997; p. 157).

The name Indigofera spicata was usually understood to refer to the species correctly known as Indigofera hendecaphylla" (ILDIS Legume Web). 

Thus, some of the species listed below may be misidentified.  However, the Hawaiian and Midway specimens have now been positively identified as this species.

Habitat/ecology:  In New Caledonia, "trouvé seulement comme mauvaise herbe peu commune mais aurait été introduit comme fourrage" (MacKee, 1994; p. 85).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius, Yemen; naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 112)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 112)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
invasive
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Introduced - Recent, Naturalised; Land, lowlands.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 112)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 93)
Vouchers cited: F.R. Fosberg 26330 (BISH), E.Y. Hosaka 3483 (BISH)
Naturalized
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Martz, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2002) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: Starr & Martz 000409-5 (BISH). "As Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacq. but from new examination of specimens and subsequent cofirmation by Peter Wilson (NSW) and Brian Schrire (K) it appears that the Hawaiian plants are actually Indigofera spicata" (Wagner et al., 2012; p. 39).
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 675-676)
"Based on Du Puy paper we adopted Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacq. as the correct name, but from new examination of specimens and subsequent cofirmation by Peter Wilson (NSW) and Brian Schrire (K) it appears that the Hawaiian plants are actually Indigofera spicata" (Wagner et al., 2012; p. 39).
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Herbst, Derral R./Staples, George W./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 7)
Voucher cited: C. Imada 2002-41 (BISH). "As Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacq. but from new examination of specimens and subsequent cofirmation by Peter Wilson (NSW) and Brian Schrire (K) it appears that the Hawaiian plants are actually Indigofera spicata" (Wagner et al., 2012; p. 39).
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 675-676)
"Based on Du Puy paper we adopted Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacq. as the correct name, but from new examination of specimens and subsequent cofirmation by Peter Wilson (NSW) and Brian Schrire (K) it appears that the Hawaiian plants are actually Indigofera spicata" (Wagner et al., 2012; p. 39).
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2003) (p. 13)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H70107 (BISH, PTBG). "As Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacq. but from new examination of specimens and subsequent cofirmation by Peter Wilson (NSW) and Brian Schrire (K) it appears that the Hawaiian plants are actually Indigofera spicata" (Wagner et al., 2012; p. 39).
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 675-676)
"Based on Du Puy paper we adopted Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacq. as the correct name, but from new examination of specimens and subsequent cofirmation by Peter Wilson (NSW) and Brian Schrire (K) it appears that the Hawaiian plants are actually Indigofera spicata" (Wagner et al., 2012; p. 39).
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
invasive
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 149)
Voucher cited: Scully 123N (US)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 85)
Vouchers cited: Sarlin 18, MacKee 28846, Ledroit in MacKee 40410
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 156)
Recorded as being tried as a pasture species per Sykes. Voucher cited: CHR 150514
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2008) (pp. B-9)
Voucher cited: Starr & Starr 080605-01. "As Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacq. but from new examination of specimens and subsequent cofirmation by Peter Wilson (NSW) and Brian Schrire (K) it appears that the Hawaiian plants are actually Indigofera spicata" (Wagner et al., 2012; p. 39).
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2010) (p. 64)
Voucher cited: Starr & Starr 080604-04 (BISH). "As Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacq. but from new examination of specimens and subsequent cofirmation by Peter Wilson (NSW) and Brian Schrire (K) it appears that the Hawaiian plants are actually Indigofera spicata" (Wagner et al., 2012; p. 39).
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) uncertain if native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 147)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 184)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 50)
Naturalised
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island probably introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island probably introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 4 AUG 2002 and was last updated on 21 MAR 2012.