Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Ilex cassine
L., Aquifoliaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: dahoon, dahoon holly

Habit:  shrub/tree

Description:  "Evergreen shrub or treelet usually to 15 (-35) feet tall; bark often whitish, young stems usually pubescent.  Leaf blades obovate-oblong to oblanceolate, 2-5 inches x 0.8-1.4 inches, upper side dark green and glabrous, underside ± whitish gray-pubescent, papery to leathery, entire or apex weakly toothed, apex rounded or slightly notched.  Inflorescence of stalked clusters in leaf axils or along stem between leaves.  Flowers ca 0.2 inches in diameter, white; male flowers to 15 per cluster; female flowers 1-5 per cluster.  Fruit in stalked clusters, globose, 0.25-0.3 inches in diameter, red (or yellow), stones 1-4, ribbed"  (Staples & Herbst, 2005;. p. 130).

"Red to yellow fruit and narrowly oblanceolate to elliptic leaves with entire margins, rarely with a few small teeth in the upper half"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 222).

Habitat/ecology:  In its native habitat, "dahoon typically grows in low, swampy ground on rich, moist soil or less often in higher pinelands on sandy soil.  Dahoon thrives in full sun on moist, organically rich soil and may be propagated by seeds or cuttings"  (Staples & Herbst, 2005;. p. 130).

Propagation:  "The red fruit is attractive to birds, which eat it and disperse the seeds" (Staples & Herbst, 2005;. p. 130).

Native range:  Southern United States, Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba and Puerto Rico; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 222)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Imada, Clyde T./Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2000) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: D. Herbst & S. Ishikawa 5603 (BISH), L. Stemmermann 6931 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 222)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Imada, Clyde T./Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2000) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: M. Keir 1 (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Veracruz
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 28 DEC 2006 and was last updated on 13 MAY 2013.