Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Hyptis brevipes
Poit., Lamiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: duan bing diao qiu cao

Spanish: chibolita

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Plants annual, or perhaps sometimes more enduring, usually erect and 30-60 cm. high, sparsely or much branched, the stems hirsute with more or less appressed, white hairs; leaves slender-petiolate, membranaceous, lanceolate to rhombic-ovate, mostly 4-6 cm. long, acute or acuminate, cuneately narrowed at the base and decurrent, irregularly and rather coarsely serrate, the teeth very unequal, rather thinly villous-hirsute on both surfaces; flowers white or purplish white, capitate, the heads globose, 10-12 mm. broad or sometimes larger, on peduncles 3-15 mm. long, the bracts lanceolate, spreading or reflexed, 4-6 mm. long, almost concealed by the flowers; calyx at anthesis 2.5-3 mm. long, the tube in fruit 2-3.5 mm. long, tubular, the teeth setaceous, spinose, erect, 1.5-2.5 mm. long, hispidulous; corolla tube 2.5-3 mm. long; nutlets smooth"  (Standley & Williams, 1973; pp. 249-250).

"Erect herb 0.5-1.5 m tall.  Stems with a single deep longitudinal groove.  Leaves opposite, narrowly lanceolate to oblong, 4-8 - 1-2.5 cm, with toothed margins; petiole 0.5-1 cm, hairy.  Flowers in pale green globose heads, on axillary stalks 5-12 mm long; flower heads 6-8 mm diameter, expanding to 8-14 mm diameter in fruit, bracts linear to narrowly lanceolate, 4-6 mm long.  Calyx gland-dotted, tubular, 3-5 mm long in fruit.  Corolla irregular, 5-lobed, 3-4 mm long, white.  Anthers purple.  Fruit a brownish black, minutely wrinkled nutlet, 0.7 mm long"  (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 47-48).

Habitat/ecology:  In Guatemala (native), "moist or wet fields or thickets, sometimes in rocky places or in oak forest, 1,200 m. or less"  (Standley & Williams, 1973; p. 249).  "Weed of waste places, becoming abundant in fallow ground. Prefers a wet tropical climate, less common in regions with a seasonal wet/dry regime. 0-1200 m altitude. Weed of plantation crops, rice, fallow ground and forest margins. Potential pasture weed" (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 47-48).

Propagation:  "Seeds dispersed by wildlife and human activities" (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 47-48).

Native range:  Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Panama, West Indies, South America  (Standley & Williams, 1973; p. 249).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 66, 77)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 416)
A weed in open areas, fallow rice paddies, etc., at low and medium altitudes.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Open waste areas at low elevations. Hainan.
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
Standley, Paul C./Williams, Louis O. (1973) (pp. 249-250)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
Standley, Paul C./Williams, Louis O. (1973) (pp. 249-250)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
Standley, Paul C./Williams, Louis O. (1973) (pp. 249-250)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
Standley, Paul C./Williams, Louis O. (1973) (pp. 249-250)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 66, 77)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) introduced
invasive
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 66, 77)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. (1998) (p. 48)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
Standley, Paul C./Williams, Louis O. (1973) (pp. 249-250)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
Standley, Paul C./Williams, Louis O. (1973) (pp. 249-250)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 66, 77)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 50)
Naturalised
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Open waste areas at low elevations.
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) introduced
invasive
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 66, 77)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) introduced
invasive
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 66, 77)

Comments:  "Principal weed in Malaysia" (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 47-48).


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This page was created on 14 MAR 2005 and was last updated on 14 MAR 2012.