Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Hordeum chilense
Roem. & Schult., Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Other Latin names:  Critesion chilense (Roem. & Schult.) Á. Löve

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pubescent; persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths, or fibrous dead sheaths. Culms geniculately ascending; 20-80 cm long. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.4-1.8 mm long. Leaf-blades 4-17 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous, or pilose. Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; linear; bilateral; 4-8 cm long; 4-7 mm wide. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; narrowly winged; flattened; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes oblong; 1.2-2.3 mm long; falling with spikelet above. Spikelets in threes. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong. Sterile spikelets: Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas; lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 10-22 mm long; shorter than fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes subulate. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 1; 1.3-1.7 mm long; muticous. Fertile spikelets: Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6.5-11.7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Glumes collateral; similar; gaping. Lower glume linear; 4.2-7.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume apex awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 4-18 mm long. Upper glume linear; 4.3-7.5 mm long. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 4-18 mm long. Florets: Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6.5-11.7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface scabrous; rough above. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 4-12.5 mm long overall; limb scabrous. Rhachilla extension 2-7 mm long. Flower: Anthers 3; 1.3-3 mm long. Ovary pubescent on apex. Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; sulcate on hilar side; hairy at apex. Hilum linear"  (GrassBase).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Argentina, Chile (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 554)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Antofagasta, Bio-Bio, Coquimbo, Magallanes, O'Higgins, Tarapaca, Valparaiso


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 9 FEB 2011 and was last updated on 7 APR 2011.