Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Hippeastrum puniceum
(Lam.) Voss, Amaryllidaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Low risk (based on second screen), score: 2 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Amaryllis punicea Lam.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chuukese: liirio par

English: amaryllis, Barbados lily, Easter lily

French: lis rouge

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Bulb globose or ovoid, stoloniferous, 4-5 cm in diameter; tunics brown; neck short.  Leaves 4-6, 30-60 cm long, 2.5-3 cm wide, lorate, tapering distally to the acute apex, more or less hysteranthous, bright green.  Scape 40-60 cm tall; bracts lanceolate, green.  Flowers 2-4; pedicels 30-70 mm long; perianth 100-130 mm long, ca 100 mm in diameter; tube concolorous with the tepals or green, ca 25 mm long; tepals 60-75 mm long, green and white proximally, orange or orange-red distally (rarely pink or white), with a paracorona of short fimbriae at their base, outer whorl ovate, ca 40-50 mm wide, inner whorl more narrowly ovate, 30-40 mm wide, the lowermost tepal much narrower than the lateral two.  Stamens declinate; filaments 50-60 mm long, those opposite the outer tepals ca 10 mm shorter than the inner 3, proximally greenish white, distally concolorous with the tepals; anthers oblong, 4-5 mm long; pollen yellow.  Style 60-80 mm long, declinate, exceeding the stamens by ca 10 mm, greenish-white proximally, distally concolorous with the tepals; stigma shortly 3-lobed.  Ovary oblong-ellipsoid, ca 10 mm long, 4-5 mm wide"  (Meerow, 1990; pp. 6-8).

See Hippeastrum striatum for Hawai‘i plants.

Habitat/ecology:  In New Caledonia, "souvent planté dans les jardins, surtout mélanésiens; persiste parfois dans des jardins longtemps abandonnés" (MacKee, 1994; p. 13).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Northern South America; also cultivated and naturalized (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 22)
"An escape from cultivation now spreading by self-sown seed". Voucher cited: J.G. Conran 634 (K, NSW)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 485-486, 531-532, 554)
"Es cultivada en varios jardines del pueblo de San Juan Bautista donde se reproduce sola de manera vegetativa sin volverse, no obstante, tan invasora como la especie circana: Amaryllis belladona L., también presente en la isla".
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 20)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 104)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Presence not confirmed
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 40)
Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 226 (GUAM)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fiji Islands introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 160)
Kiribati
Kiribati
Kiribati (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R. (1987) (p. 41)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ebon (Epoon) Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 104)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 103)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 104)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 104)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1959) (p. 3)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 36727 (US)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 104)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 58)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 58718 (US)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Walpole introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 13)
Voucher cited: Benoit in MacKee 34404
Spontané
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 13)
Voucher cited: MacKee 34257
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
cultivated
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 81)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
Meerow, Alan W. (1990) (pp. 6-8)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 31)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Rivers, Julie (2004) (pp. 1, 6)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Malè Atoll   Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 15)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Louisiana, Texas
Naturalized


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This page was created on 29 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 8 MAY 2013.