Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Heterospathe elata
Scheff., Arecaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 5 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Heterospathe palauensis Becc.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chamorro: palma brava

English: sagisi palm

Palauan: asbo, demailéi, demailei, domaile, domailei, ebouch

Yapese: guag bbuag

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Tree to 16 m high, trunk to 20 cm diameter, thicker near the base.  Crown of arching leaves, resembling coconut leaves, but the segments more slender and numerous.  Leaves to 3.5 m long, segments distichous, about 65 pairs.  Sheaths glaucous externally, dotted with brown scales, to 75 cm long.  Petiole to about 50 cm long, sparsely scaly.   Segments up to 60 cm long, 3.5 cm wide.  Inflorescence among the leaves; a compressed, slightly curved bract 30-40 cm long at base, at first scaly and its margins woolly; inner bract attached well above outer bract, about 70-75 cm long; whole panicle to 160 cm long, very much branched; branchlets to 20 cm long; flowers in 3's, rarely in pairs, white; staminate flowers about 1.5 mm wide, with a pistillode 1.4 mm high; pistillate flowers about 3 mm long, nearly 5-6 mm wide, with 3 staminodes; ovary ovoid-oblong; fruit white at first, finally red, subglobose, about 6-7 mm thick, with thin exocarp"  (Stone, 1970; p. 140).

Habitat/ecology:  In Guam, "on limestone bluffs; also in the La Cienaga swamp"  (Stone, 1970; p. 140).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Philippines and Palau.  Also possibly native in the Moluccas (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island possibly native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 84)
var. palauensis (Becc.) Becc. Presence not confirmed.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Lavergne, Christophe/Hodel, Donald R. (2008) (p. 76)
Locally naturalized.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island possibly native
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 140)
Possibly an early introduction.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 84)
var elata
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 15)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 84)
var. palauensis (Becc.) Becc.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 84)
var. palauensis (Becc.) Becc.
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 140)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
cultivated
Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (p. 162)
In forests at low altitudes, sometimes planted.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) possibly native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Moluccas


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This page was created on 26 JAN 2010 and was last updated on 11 FEB 2013.