Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Heliocarpus popayanensis
Kunth, Malvaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 7 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Heliocarpus americanus L.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: broadleaf moho, high ridge moho, moho, mountain moho, white moho

Hawaiian: moho

Spanish: balsa pancho, llausa mora, majao, yarisa

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Trees 6-30 m tall; young branches puberulent to tomentose. Leaves ovate to cordate, 20-30 cm long, 14-18 cm wide, unlobed or shallowly 3-lobed, 5-7-nerved, minutely stellate pubescent, margins irregularly serrulate, apex acuminate, base truncate to cordate, petioles 6-8 cm long. Flowers perfect and pistillate, 12-20 usually in terminal cymes; perfect flowers with pedicels 2-4 mm long, sepals 4, lanceolate, 4-7 mm long, petals 4, narrowly spatulate, 3-4.5 mm long, stamens 12-24, ovary on a short gynophore, style 2-lobed; pistillate flowers with pedicels ca. 2 mm long, sepals 4, 4-5.5 mm long, petals rudimentary or absent, staminodes numerous, ovary on a short gynophore, style 2-lobed. Capsules ellipsoid to ellipsoid-ovoid, on a gynophore 5-10 mm long, the body 3-4 mm long, the plumose bristles 4-7 mm long, the faces with stellate hairs or very short plumose bristles. Seeds ovoid, ca. 2.5 mm long, depressed in the middle" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1292).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, naturalized in disturbed, dryer forests. "Grows rapidly and and spreads readily in disturbed wetter mesic forests"  (Motooka et al., 2003).

Propagation:  Wind-dispersed seed.

Native range:  Southern Mexico to northern Argentina; also cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1292)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1292)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank (2007) (p. 31)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H120644 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1292)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 7 MAY 2013.