Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Heliconia psittacorum
L.f., Heliconiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk; score: 11 (Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment for Heliconia psittacorum)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: parrot's beak heliconia, parrot's-flower, parrot's-plantain

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Slender plant with banana-like habit, 3-6' tall. Infl erect, 3-7" high; bracts 4-6, slender, 2-ranked, oblique to rachis, base pale green, yellow, or cream shading into pink or red distally, glabrous, base usu with waxy coating. Flw perianth straight, 1.2-2" long, yellow or orange with dark green 'eyespots' distally, tip white, glabrous; ovary green to yellow-green, glabrous. Frt blue." (a tropical garden flora, p. 665)

Habitat/ecology:  "[Heliconia psittacorum] tolerates lower humidity than other heliconias and, if watered well, thrives in full sun on the hot, leeward sides of our [Hawaiian] islands." (a tropical garden flora, p. 665)

Propagation:  In cultivation: "Generally by rood division, but may be grown from seed." (Tropical Exotics, p. 160)

Native range:  northeastern South America and the Lesser Antilles (a tropical garden flora, p. 665)

Impacts and invaded habitats:  (no invaded habitats or impacts known by PIER; please let us know if you know of such information we should add here)

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands introduced
cultivated
Clay, Horace F./Hubbard, James C (1977) (p. 160)
"It was introduced to Hawai'i from Puerto Rico in 1950 by robert and John Gregg Allerton of L&amacron;awa'i, Kaua'i."
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
cultivated
Clay, Horace F./Hubbard, James C (1977) (p. 160)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Ka‘ula Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Indonesia
Indonesia
Java introduced
cultivated
Serenity (Wikimedia Commons username) (2007)
accessed 20180615, photo taken in Ragunan Zoo, Jakarta, Indonesia
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island   Caro, Thierry (2004)
accessed 20180615
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
Invasive Species Specialist Group (2017)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Caribbean Islands
Caribbean Islands
Puerto Rico   Clay, Horace F./Hubbard, James C (1977) (p. 160)

Comments:  "It [Heliconia psittacorum] was introduced to Hawai'i from Puerto Rico in 1950 by Robert and John Gregg Allerton of L&amacron;wai'i, Kaua'i." (Tropical Exotics, p. 160)

Present in Hawaii (Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems in Hawaii, p. 207; A Tropical Garden Flora, p. 665); on Midway Atoll Midway Atoll Vascular Plant Checklist, p. 13).

Control:  (control info not known by PIER)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 12 SEP 2017 and was last updated on 15 JUN 2018.