Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Haematoxylum campechianum
L., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

Reject, score: 8 (Go to the risk assessment (Australia))
High risk, score: 8 (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific))

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: cai mu

English: bloodwood tree, campeachy wood, campeche, campechewood, logwood

French: bois de campêche, campêche, hématoxyle campêche

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Thorny trees 3-10 m tall.  Lower leaves bipinnately compound, pinnae 1 pair, leaflets 3-5 pairs per pinnae or rachis, usually obovate, 1-3 cm long, 1-2.5 cm wide, densely obliquely veined, apex rounded or emarginate.  Flowers fragrant, 12-16 mm in diameter; sepals yellow or purple-tinged; petals yellow. Pods 4-6 cm long, 0.8-1.2 cm wide.  Seeds brown, longitudinally reniform, 5-7 mm long, 2-3 mm in diameter"  (Wagner et al.. 1999; pp. 674-675).

Description from Flora of China online.

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, sparingly naturalized in low elevation, dry sites at least on O‘ahu and Hawai‘i, but probably also on other of the main islands.  (C.W. Smith, 1985; p. 232). In New Caledonia, "devenu envahissant à Koné mais y reste très localisé" (MacKee, 1994; p. 75).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Belize, Guatemala, Mexico; cultivated and naturalized elsewere in the tropics (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 96)
Vouchers cited: DA 8303, DA 1556, DA 3305, DA 3308, DA 16077
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 8393 (PAP), J. Florence (legit R. Jamet) 8384 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 541028)
Taxon name on voucher: Haematoxylum campechianum (L.)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 541033)
Taxon name on voucher: Haematoxylum campechianum (L.)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 674-675)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaho‘olawe Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 674-675)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 674-675)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 674-675)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 75)
Vouchers cited: Metzger 79, Blanchon 944 (NOU), MacKee 22757, Jaffré 1941
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
"Favours disturbed sites such as the verges of roads and stream banks. Tends to form dense impenetrable thickets".
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Guangdong (Guangzhou), Yunnan
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Yucatan
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
Comité français de l'Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature en France (2013)
Naturalisée, potentiellement envahissant.
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
invasive
Kueffer, C./Mauremootoo, J. (2004) (pp. 7, 8)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Rodrigues Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)

Comments:  A weed species in Barbados and other West Indian Islands (C.W. Smith, 1985; p. 232).

Reported invasive in Jamaica


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 7 MAY 2013.