Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Gymnosporia emarginata
(Willd.) Thwaites, Celastraceae
No images for this taxon


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 2 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Celastrus emarginata Willd.; Maytenus emarginata (Willd.) Ding Hou

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: tai wan luo shi

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Small shrubs, 1-3 m tall; branches gray-brown, shallowly longitudinally fluted, unarmed. Petiole sturdy, 3-5 mm; leaf blade obovate, 3.5-5 x 1.7-3.3 cm, leathery, base cuneate, margin remotely crenate, sometimes glandular spotted in sinus of teeth, apex rounded or subtruncate; lateral veins 4-6 pairs, quite tenuous. Cymes axillary, 1 or 2 x branched; peduncle 1-1.5 cm. Flowers white; calyx lobes deltoid; petals obovate-oblong or oblong, entire, obtuse. Stamens inserted abaxially on disk margin; anther broadly ovoid. Ovary 3-celled; style very short; stigma 3. Capsule subobovoid, trilocular, 7-8 mm in diameter, dehiscing into 3 broadly rounded valves, ca. 5 mm. Seeds ellipsoid, red, ca. 3 mm, with small aril at base"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  On Taiwan (native), "thickets along seashores, open areas"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  India and Sri Lanka; Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea and the Philippines; Australia (Queensland); Taiwan (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 506401)
Taxon name on voucher: Maytenus emarginata (Willd.) Ding Hou
New Guinea (Indonesia and Papua New Guinea)
New Guinea Island
New Guinea Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Celebes, Java, Moluccas
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JUN 2011 and was last updated on 10 JUN 2011.