Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Fumaria capreolata
L., Papaveraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: climbing fumitory, ramping fumitory, white fumitory, white ramping-fumitory, white-flower fumitory

Spanish: flor de la culebra

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Scrambling or climbing annual herb. Leaves distant; lamina dissected, pale green, up to 10 x 7 cm; segments narrow-oblong or narrow-cuneiform. Inflorescence dense, with up to 20 flowers; rachis < peduncle. Peduncle 2-6-(8) cm long; bracts linear, acute, < pedicels, c. 2 x 0.5 mm; pedicels recurved in late flowering and fruiting, 4-6 mm long. Sepals ovate, dentate, subacute, (3)-4-6 x (1.5)-2-3 mm. Corolla creamy white with blackish red wings and tips, suffused with pink after pollination, 9-11 mm long; lower petal with erect margins. Fruit globose to obovoid, smooth, obscurely keeled, c. 2 x 2 mm; apex obtuse; apical pits small" (Webb et al., 1988; p. 718).

"Plants 1-8 dm. Inflorescences , excluding peduncle, 2-3.5 cm; bracteoles equaling or shorter than pedicels. Flowers: pedicel rigidly arcuate-recurved in fruit, ca. 3 mm; corolla 9-14 mm, spur 2-3 mm; outer petals white; inner petals white near base, deep red or dark purple apically. Capsules globose, slightly compressed, 2-2.5 mm in diameter, smooth or nearly so"  (Flora of North America online).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Zealand, Roadsides, hedgerows"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 718).  In Florida (U.S.), "waste places, ditches, cultivated fields; 0-50 m"  (Flora of North America online).  "In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:  Medium altitude up to the timber line; low altitude, interior valleys; coastal mountains, 500-2000 m; coastal areas, 0-500 m. Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall, short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month); somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3-5 months, precipitations of 400-800 mm. are concentrated in winter. Fully exposed to the sun, level areas or slopes facing north; some shadow, some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20-40% of light"  (Chileflora).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Canary Islands, northern Africa, Europe, western Asia; naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 554)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Widespread garden weed".
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) introduced
Belov, Michail (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 183)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 715)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
New York
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 8 FEB 2011 and was last updated on 8 MAR 2011.