Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Fuirena ciliaris
(L.) Roxb., Cyperaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Scirpus ciliaris L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: mao fu lan cao

Habit:  sedge

Description:  "Annual culms tufted in small clumps with fibrous roots only, slender, (5-) 10-50 cm tall, 1-2 mm wide, obtusely angular, remotely 2- to 4-noded, leaved throughout, pubescent at least above.  Basal leaves reduced to bladeless sheaths; bladed leaves on the culm; blades linear, 5-15 cm long, 3-8 mm wide, 3- or 5-costate, soft, wholly pubescent or ciliate-margined, briefly acute at apex; sheaths 1-3 cm long, pubescent; ligules 1-2 mm long.  Inflorescence with 1 to 3 glomerulous clusters of spikelets, spaced at upper axils of culms; clusters 1-2 cm across, bearing 3 to 10 spikelets; peduncles short, mostly inclosed in bract-sheath; bracts leaf-like, surpassing inflorescence.  Spikelets ovate or oblong-elliptic, 4-12 mm long, 3 mm wide, subacute at apex, squarrose, greyish-green, pubescent.  Glumes awned, the body obovate to obovate-oblong elliptical, 1.5-1.7 mm long, 1.25 mm wide, thinly membranous, short-pubescent outside with pilose centre, the costa 3-nerved, projected beyond acute or obtuse glume apex into a recurved awn c. 1 mm long.  Achenes obovate to elliptic, 0.8-1 mm long, 0.5-0.6 mm wide, subsharply triquetrous with obscurely wrinkled sides, short-stipitate at cuneate base; style longer than the achene, 3-fid.  Hypogynous bristles 3, needle-like, occasionally much reduced, scabrid to smooth.  Hypogynous squamellae 3, equaling the achene, longitudinally rectangular with 3-denticulate apex, long-stipitate at base, brownish.  Stamens 3: anthers 0.25 mm long"  (Dassanayake, 1983; p. 150).

Habitat/ecology:  In Sri Lanka, "open wet or swampy places such as wet grasslands, river banks or margins of ponds and rice fields; 0-1000 m altitude" (Dassanayake, 1983; p. 150).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World: tropical Africa, Indian subcontinent, southeastern Asia, southern China and Japan, Malesia and Australia" (Dassanayake, 1983; p. 150).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (p. 116)
In rice paddies, open wet lands, etc., at low and medium altitudes, often abundant.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Western Australia
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Wet places, often in paddy fields, river margins; near sea level to 200 m. Fujian, Guangdong, S Guangxi, Hainan, Hebei, Jiangsu, Shandong, S Yunnan
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 316)
On margin of ponds and other wet places.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Wet places, often in paddy fields, river margins; near sea level to 200 m.
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 30 MAY 2005 and was last updated on 17 OCT 2006.