Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Fuchsia paniculata
Lindl., Onagraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Common name(s): [more details]

English: fuchsia, lady's eardrops

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Gynodioecious or subdioecious, erect shrubs to small trees 3-8 m tall, usually glabrous. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3-4 per node, subcoriaceous, elliptic to oblanceolate, 5-15.5 cm long, 2-5.5 cm wide, margins minutely to coarsely serrate, petioles 0.8-2.5 cm long, stipules triangular, often connate, 0.8-1.2 mm long, caducous. Flowers numerous, erect, in terminal, branched panicles; perfect flowers with pedicels 8-12 mm long, floral tube 4-8 mm long, with a smooth to irregularly lobed nectary at base, sepals rose purple, 5-10 mm long, spreading to reflexed at anthesis, petals lavender, 4-10 mm long, erect to spreading, staminal filaments opposite the sepals 4-13 mm long, those opposite the petals 2-11 mm long; pistillate flowers similar to perfect ones except floral tube 3-5.5 mm long, sepals 3.5-7 mm long, petals 2.3-4.5 mm long, staminal filaments opposite the sepals 1.5-4.9 mm long, those opposite the petals 1-4 mm long. Berries dark purple, glaucous, subglobose, 4-9 mm long" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 997).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, wet forest at approximately 3,000-5,000 ft. elevation (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 997).

Propagation:  Seed, possibly spread by birds.

Native range:  Central Mexico to Panama; cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 997)
Voucher cited: Degener & Degener 31130 (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Would be a threat only at higher elevations in the tropics.


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 4 MAY 2013.