Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Fuchsia boliviana
Carr., Onagraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Common name(s): [more details]

English: earring flower, fuchsia, lady's eardrops

French: flambeau d'amour, fuchsia à grandes fleurs, fuchsia de bolivie

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Erect bushy shrubs or small trees 2-4.5 (-6) m tall; older stems usually hollow. Leaves opposite or ternate, sometimes alternate near uppermost branching nodes, narrowly to broadly elliptic or ovate, 5-20 (-23) cm long, 3-12 (-15) cm wide, upper surface puberulent to glabrate, lower surface puberulent, sometimes densely so, margins glandular denticulate, petioles 2-5 (-7) cm long. Flowers perfect, numerous in terminal, pendent racemes or few-branched panicles, pedicels slender, pendent, 5-12 (-16) mm long; floral tube red, narrowly funnelform, (25-) 30-60 (-70) mm long; sepals red, lanceolate, 10-20 mm long; petals scarlet, oblong to elliptic, 8-16 (-20) mm long; stamens exserted; filaments 8-15 mm long. Berries cylindrical, 10-26 mm long" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 996).

Habitat/ecology:  Naturalized in mesic forests on Kaua‘i, Hawai‘i, 3000-5000 elevation.  "Forests and their margins, scrub, riparian areas and open wasteland.  Forms dense thickets up to 2m tall and is shade-tolerant.  Shades out smaller plants and seedlings, preventing native plants establishing"  (Weedbusters New Zealand).

Propagation:  Seed.  "Birds spread the seeds long distances"  (Weedbusters New Zealand).

Native range:  From northern Argentina to southern Peru, often cultivated and widely naturalized (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 996).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 996)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Standley, Paul C./Williams, Louis Otho (1963) (pp. 529-30)
As var. luxurians I. M. Johnston
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 904)
"Scrub and much modified forest around settlements".
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
MacDonald, I. A. W./Thebaud, C./Strahm, W. A./Strasberg, D. (1991) (pp. 51-61)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Envahissant"
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Kueffer, C./Lavergne, C. (2004) (p. 5)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Baret, Stephane/Rouget, Mathieu/Richardson, David M./Lavergne, Christophe/Egoh, Benis/Dupont, Joel/Strasberg, Dominique (2006) (p. 758)

Comments:  On list of plants to be excluded from French Polynesia.

Control: 

Physical:  "Remove all seedlings and mulch. Dig out larger plants"  (Weedbusters New Zealand).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 12 JAN 2010.