Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Ficus virens
Aiton, Moraceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate; score: 5 (Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment for Ficus virens)

Other Latin names:  Ficus carolinensis Warb.; Ficus caulobotrya var. fraseri (Miq.) Miq.; Ficus cunninghamii (Miq.) Miq.; Ficus glabella Blume; Ficus glabella var. nesophila (Miq.) K.Schum.; Ficus infectoria auct. AND Willd.; Ficus infectoria var. cunninghamii (Miq.) Domin; Ficus infectoria var. fraseri (Miq.) Domin; Ficus infectoria var. psychotriifolium (Miq.) Domin; Ficus infectoria var. typica Domin; Ficus lacor Buch.-Ham.; Ficus mariannensis Merr.; Ficus nesophila (Miq.) Miq.; Ficus prolixa G.Forst. var. carolinensis (Warb.) Fosb.; Ficus psychotriifolia (Miq.) Miq.; Ficus saxophila Blume var. sublanceolata Miq.; Ficus virens Aiton var. glabella (Blume) Corner; Ficus virens Aiton var. sublanceolata (Miq.) Corner; Ficus virens Aiton var. wightiana (Miq.) V. Chithra; Ficus wightiana (Miq.) Wall. ex Benth.; Urostigma cunninghamii Miq.; Urostigma fraseri Miq.; Urostigma nesophilium Miq.; Urostigma psychotriifolium Miq.; Urostigma wightianum Miq.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: huang ge shu

English: banyan, figwood, green fig, mountain fig, spotted fig, strangler fig, white fig

Habit:  tree

Description:  Ficus (genus): "Trees, shrubs, or woody climbers. Lvs usu alternate or 2-ranked (rarely opposite or whorled); blades entire or pinnately or palmately lobed, venation pinnate; stipuls usu encircling twogs, leaving ringlike scars. Infl (figs) urnlike, stalked or sessile, receptacle globose, pear-shaped, ellipsoid, or cylindrical, with tiny flws enclosed on inner surface, apical opening (ostiole) ±covered by bracts; bracts on stalk, at base, or along sides of fig. Flws: ♂ [male] perianth present, stam 1, 2, or more; ♀ [female] perianth us present, styles long or short, stigmas 1 or 2. Frt composed of tiny achenes or drupelets, enclosed in usu soft, colored receptacle." Ficus virens: "Dioecious deciduous tree. Lf peti to 2.75" long; blades ovate to elliptic, 2-8" long, apex tapering, secondary veins 7-12 pairs, tertiary veins reticulate. Figs axillary or on minute spurs below lvs, stalk to 0.1" long; receptacle globose, 0.2-0.4" ⌀, ripening pink or purple." (a tropical garden flora, p. 411)

See also Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants.

Habitat/ecology:  "Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 1150 m. Grows in well developed rain forest, drier, more seasonal rain forest, beach forest and monsoon forest. Also occurs in Asia, Malesia and the SW Pacific islands. . . . A common and widespread species. Produces large spreading branches with numerous aerial roots. Suitable only for large parks and gardens where they make distinctive specimens." (Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants)

Propagation:  (no propagation information known by PIER)

Native range:  Ficus virens "ranges from Sri Lanka to the Solomon Islands." (A Tropical Garden Flora, p. 411)

In Australia, "[o]ccurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. . . . Also occurs in Asia, Malesia and the SW Pacific islands." (Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants)

Impacts and invaded habitats:  (no invaded habitats or impacts known by PIER; please let us know if you know of such information we should add here)

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agiguan   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Chuuk Islands   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor Islet   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Lele Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Masakomani Islet   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Federated States of Micronesia
Woleai Atoll
Falalap   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Pacific
Oceania
Micronesia   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Pacific
Pacific
Pacific islands   Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (p. 411)
"ranges from Sri Lanka to the Solomon Islands"
Pacific
Pacific
Pacific islands Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants (year unknown)
("SW Pacific islands"); accessed 20180104
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Urukthapel (Gaiangas) Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands   Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (p. 411)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Pentecôte (Pentacost) Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of)   Ramon, Laurence/Sam, Chanel (2015) (p. 126)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Asia
Asia
Asia (southern) Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants (year unknown)
accessed 20180104
Asia
Asia (Pacific rim)
Malesia Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants (year unknown)
accessed 20180104
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) cultivated
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants (year unknown)
accessed 20180104
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory cultivated
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants (year unknown)
accessed 20180104
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland cultivated
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants (year unknown)
accessed 20180104
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka   Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (p. 411)

Comments:  "[Ficus virens] must have reached Hawai'i late in the 1800s; J. F. Rock knew of only one specimen in 1917, growing in Dr. William Hillebrand's former Honolulu garden.1248 Today it is sometimes planted as a street tree for shade, but it is too large for the average home garden." (a tropical garden flora, p. 411)

Control:  (control info not known by PIER)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 12 SEP 2017 and was last updated on 31 OCT 2018.