Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Ficus natalensis
Hochst., Moraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 1 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: bark-cloth fig, Natal fig

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Tree up to 30 m. tall, or a shrub, hemi-epiphytic or secondarily terrestrial, sometimes semi-scandent. Leafy twigs 2-5 mm. thick, glabrous or sparsely minutely puberulous, periderm not flaking off. Leaves spirally arranged, or ± distichous, often subopposite; lamina oblong to elliptic or obovate to broadly obtriangular, occasionally lanceolate, 2.5-10 x 1-4.5 cm., subcoriaceous; apex shortly acuminate to obtuse or subacute to rounded or emarginate; base acute to obtuse; margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 6-13 pairs, midrib usually not reaching the apex of the lamina, tertiary venation reticulate or ± parallel to the lateral veins; petiole 5-20 (30) mm. long, 1-2 (2.5) mm. thick, glabrous; stipules 2-10 mm. long, glabrous or puberulous, caducous. Figs in pairs in the leaf axils or sometimes also just below the leaves, initially enclosed by a calyptrate bud cover, up to 1.5 cm. long, subovoid and ± glabrous; peduncle 2-10 mm. long; basal bracts 1.5-2.5 mm. long, caducous sometimes subpersistent. Receptacle often shortly stipitate, at least when dry, globose to ellipsoid or obovoid, c. 1.5-2 cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.8-1.5 cm. in diameter when dry, glabrous, reddish-orange or yellowish (to brown) at maturity; wall (rather thin) usually wrinkled when dry, apex plane or slightly protruding" (Flora Zambesiaca online).

Habitat/ecology:  In its native habitat, "Evergreen, riverine and coastal forest, Brachystegia/Uapaca and miombo woodland and submontane grassland, often in rocky places 0-1700 m" (Flora Zambesiaca online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Kenya; S. Africa (Natal); Uganda; Zaire (Oriental and Shaba) (Flora Zambesiaca on-line). Sudan through tropical Africa to and including southern Africa (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1997) (voucher ID: BISH 681897)
Taxon name on voucher: Ficus natalensis subsp. leprieurii (Miq.) C.C.Berg.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 42)
ssp. leprieurii (Miq.) C. C. Berg. Cultivated only


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 24 JUL 2007 and was last updated on 7 MAY 2017.